Size selectivity in adsorption of polydisperse starches on activated carbon

T.M. Hoogstad, L. Kiewidt, T. van Haasterecht, J.H. Bitter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of molecular weight, polydispersity, and degree of branching of four potato starches (Paselli MD10, Eliane MD6, Eliane MD2, and highly branched starch) on the adsorption rates on activated carbon (Norit CA1) was investigated. Changes in starch concentration and size distribution over time were analysed by Total Starch Assay and Size Exclusion Chromatography. Average molecular weight and degree of branching of a starch scaled negatively with average adsorption rate. Within a size-distribution, adsorption rates scaled negatively with increasing molecule size, resulting in an increased average molecular weight in solution of between 25 % and 213 % and a decreased polydispersity of between 13 % and 38 %. Simulation with dummy distributions estimated the ratio of adsorption rates for 20th percentile and 80th percentile molecules within a distribution to range between a factor 4 and 8 for the different starches. Competitive adsorption decreased the adsorption rate of molecules above the average size within a sample distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120705
Number of pages12
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume309
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Dispersity
  • Polydispersity
  • Starch

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