Signal transduction downstream of salicylic and jasmonic acid in herbivory-induced parasitoid attraction by Arabidopsis is independent of JAR1 and NPR1

R.M.P. van Poecke, M. Dicke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plants can defend themselves indirectly against herbivores by emitting a volatile blend upon herbivory that attracts the natural enemies of these herbivores, either predators or parasitoids. Although signal transduction in plants from herbivory to induced volatile production depends on jasmonic acid (JA) and salicylic acid (SA), the pathways downstream of JA and SA are unknown. Use of Arabidopsis provides a unique possibility to study signal transduction by use of signalling mutants, which so far has not been exploited in studies on indirect plant defence. In the present study it was demonstrated that jar1-1 and npr1-1 mutants are not affected in caterpillar (Pieris rapae)-induced attraction of the parasitoid Cotesia rubecula. Both JAR1 and NPR1 (also known as NIM1) are involved in signalling downstream of JA in induced defence against pathogens such as induced systemic resistance (ISR). NPR1 is also involved in signalling downstream of SA in defence against pathogens such as systemic acquired resistance (SAR). These results demonstrate that signalling downstream of JA and SA differs between induced indirect defence against herbivores and defence against pathogens such as SAR and ISR. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that herbivore-derived elicitors are involved in induced attraction of the parasitoid Cotesia rubecula
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1541-1548
JournalPlant, Cell & Environment
Volume26
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • systemic acquired-resistance
  • insect herbivory
  • plant-responses
  • gene-expression
  • transcription factors
  • cotesia-glomerata
  • methyl jasmonate
  • indirect defense
  • host location
  • volatiles

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