Shrimp-based livelihoods in mangrove silvo-aquaculture farming systems

R.H. Bosma, T.H. Nguyen, A.J. Siahainenia, H.T.P. Tran, H.N. Tran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper reviews the following three types of mangrove-shrimp systems: (i) integrated with canals between platforms planted with mangrove; (ii) associated having larger areas of water and a large mangrove area; and (iii) separated, with a dyke separating ponds from forest. The variations in shrimp yield of integrated and associated systems, that is, mixed systems, are attributable to water exchange, % water surface, primary production, stocking of post-larvae, leaf litter fall and decomposition, species, cover and age of mangrove, and predators. Leaf litter from all mangrove species except Nipa palm adversely affect water quality. Leaf composition and decomposition rate vary between species; submersed leaves decompose faster. Low concentrations of decomposing leaves of certain species temporarily boosted shrimp growth. Shrimp yield has been found to be highest in ponds with 30–50% mangrove cover, but remained
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-60
JournalReviews in Aquaculture
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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