Short communication: Genetic correlations between methane and milk production, conformation, and functional traits

M. Pszczola, M.P.L. Calus, T. Strabel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Livestock produce CH 4 , therefore contributing to the global warming effect. One of the currently investigated solutions to reduce CH 4 production is selective breeding. The goal of this study was to estimate the genetic correlations between CH 4 and milk production, conformation, and functional traits used in the selection index for Polish-Holstein cows. In total, 34,429 daily CH 4 production observations collected from 483 cows were available, out of which 281 cows were genotyped. The CH 4 was measured using a so-called sniffer device installed in an automated milking system. Breeding values for CH 4 were estimated with the use of single-step genomic BLUP, and breeding values for remaining traits were obtained from the Polish national genomic evaluation. Genetic correlations between CH 4 production and remaining traits were estimated using bivariate analyses. The estimated genetic correlations were in general low. The highest values were estimated for fat yield (0.21), milk yield (0.15), chest width (0.15), size (0.15), dairy strength (0.11), and somatic cell count (0.11). These estimates, as opposed to estimates for the remaining traits, were significantly different from zero.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5342-5346
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume102
Issue number6
Early online date28 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Methane
methane production
genetic correlation
Breeding
milk production
Milk
Communication
breeding value
Global Warming
cows
Livestock
genomics
Thorax
Cell Count
selection index
Fats
chest
selection methods
somatic cell count
milking

Keywords

  • genetic correlations
  • methane production
  • sniffer

Cite this

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title = "Short communication: Genetic correlations between methane and milk production, conformation, and functional traits",
abstract = "Livestock produce CH 4 , therefore contributing to the global warming effect. One of the currently investigated solutions to reduce CH 4 production is selective breeding. The goal of this study was to estimate the genetic correlations between CH 4 and milk production, conformation, and functional traits used in the selection index for Polish-Holstein cows. In total, 34,429 daily CH 4 production observations collected from 483 cows were available, out of which 281 cows were genotyped. The CH 4 was measured using a so-called sniffer device installed in an automated milking system. Breeding values for CH 4 were estimated with the use of single-step genomic BLUP, and breeding values for remaining traits were obtained from the Polish national genomic evaluation. Genetic correlations between CH 4 production and remaining traits were estimated using bivariate analyses. The estimated genetic correlations were in general low. The highest values were estimated for fat yield (0.21), milk yield (0.15), chest width (0.15), size (0.15), dairy strength (0.11), and somatic cell count (0.11). These estimates, as opposed to estimates for the remaining traits, were significantly different from zero.",
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Short communication: Genetic correlations between methane and milk production, conformation, and functional traits. / Pszczola, M.; Calus, M.P.L.; Strabel, T.

In: Journal of Dairy Science, Vol. 102, No. 6, 06.2019, p. 5342-5346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Pszczola, M.

AU - Calus, M.P.L.

AU - Strabel, T.

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N2 - Livestock produce CH 4 , therefore contributing to the global warming effect. One of the currently investigated solutions to reduce CH 4 production is selective breeding. The goal of this study was to estimate the genetic correlations between CH 4 and milk production, conformation, and functional traits used in the selection index for Polish-Holstein cows. In total, 34,429 daily CH 4 production observations collected from 483 cows were available, out of which 281 cows were genotyped. The CH 4 was measured using a so-called sniffer device installed in an automated milking system. Breeding values for CH 4 were estimated with the use of single-step genomic BLUP, and breeding values for remaining traits were obtained from the Polish national genomic evaluation. Genetic correlations between CH 4 production and remaining traits were estimated using bivariate analyses. The estimated genetic correlations were in general low. The highest values were estimated for fat yield (0.21), milk yield (0.15), chest width (0.15), size (0.15), dairy strength (0.11), and somatic cell count (0.11). These estimates, as opposed to estimates for the remaining traits, were significantly different from zero.

AB - Livestock produce CH 4 , therefore contributing to the global warming effect. One of the currently investigated solutions to reduce CH 4 production is selective breeding. The goal of this study was to estimate the genetic correlations between CH 4 and milk production, conformation, and functional traits used in the selection index for Polish-Holstein cows. In total, 34,429 daily CH 4 production observations collected from 483 cows were available, out of which 281 cows were genotyped. The CH 4 was measured using a so-called sniffer device installed in an automated milking system. Breeding values for CH 4 were estimated with the use of single-step genomic BLUP, and breeding values for remaining traits were obtained from the Polish national genomic evaluation. Genetic correlations between CH 4 production and remaining traits were estimated using bivariate analyses. The estimated genetic correlations were in general low. The highest values were estimated for fat yield (0.21), milk yield (0.15), chest width (0.15), size (0.15), dairy strength (0.11), and somatic cell count (0.11). These estimates, as opposed to estimates for the remaining traits, were significantly different from zero.

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