Seroprevalence of Schmallenberg Virus Antibodies among Dairy Cattle, the Netherlands, Winter 2011-2012

A.R. Elbers, W.L.A. Loeffen, J. Quak, E.A. de Boer-Luijtze, A.N. van der Spek, R.J. Bouwstra, H.A. Maas, M.A.H. Spierenburg, E.P. de Kluijver, G. van Schaik, W.H.M. van der Poel

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Abstract

Infections with Schmallenberg virus (SBV) are associated with congenital malformations in ruminants. Because reporting of suspected cases only could underestimate the true rate of infection, we conducted a seroprevalence study in the Netherlands to detect past exposure to SBV among dairy cattle. A total of 1,123 serum samples collected from cattle during November 2011–January 2012 were tested for antibodies against SBV by using a virus neutralization test; seroprevalence was 72.5%. Seroprevalence was significantly higher in the central-eastern part of the Netherlands than in the northern and southern regions (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1071
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • akabane virus
  • orthobunyavirus
  • arthrogryposis
  • infections
  • australia
  • shamonda
  • nigeria
  • japan

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    Elbers, A. R., Loeffen, W. L. A., Quak, J., de Boer-Luijtze, E. A., van der Spek, A. N., Bouwstra, R. J., Maas, H. A., Spierenburg, M. A. H., de Kluijver, E. P., van Schaik, G., & van der Poel, W. H. M. (2012). Seroprevalence of Schmallenberg Virus Antibodies among Dairy Cattle, the Netherlands, Winter 2011-2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 18(7), 1065-1071. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1807.120323