Serological and mucosal immune responses after vaccination and infection with FMDV in pigs.

P.L. Eble, A. Bouma, K. Weerdmeester, J.A. Stegeman, A. Dekker

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    The aim of this study was to determine a possible correlation between humoral immune responses shortly after vaccination and protection against foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection and to study the serological and mucosal antibody responses after vaccination and infection. We used three groups of ten pigs, one non-vaccinated group, one group vaccinated with a single dose vaccine and one group vaccinated with a four-fold dose vaccine. At 7 days post vaccination, five pigs per group were challenged intra-dermally with FMDV O TAW 3/97 and the remaining pigs of each group were contact-exposed to the inoculated pigs. In each group, virus excretion and number of contact infections were quantified. The serological and mucosal antibody responses were evaluated until 116 days post infection. Vaccination resulted in a significant decrease of virus excretion. Stepwise linear regression analysis of variables from individual vaccinated pigs revealed the virus excretion after challenge to be correlated with neutralising antibody titres at the day of challenge (p <0.01). In serum and OPF samples comparable isotype-specific antibody responses (IgM, IgG and IgA), could be detected after vaccination as well as after infection. Remarkably, the pigs with the highest IgA responses after vaccination were protected against contact exposure. After infection, a long lasting (up to 116 dpi) IgA response was seen in the non-vaccinated and to a lesser extent in the single dose vaccinated pigs. The induction of NSP antibodies in the vaccinated pigs after infection was lower and of shorter duration as compared to the non-vaccinated infected pigs. This experiment shows that vaccination can reduce virus excretion in pigs, which will contribute to reduced transmission of FMDV in the field, even if the pigs are not fully protected. Moreover, vaccines that induce local IgA responses may be more effective, which merits further investigation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1043-1054
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


    • mouth-disease virus
    • direct-contact challenge
    • antibody-response
    • emergency vaccination
    • protection
    • cattle
    • transmission
    • vaccines
    • persistence
    • reduction


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