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Density-gradients centrifugation (DGC) and filtration columns (FC) are used to separate deformed or dead sperm, debris, and other cells that may negatively affect the fertilizing capacity of sperm in fresh, chilled and frozen/thawed semen. The present study was conducted to evaluate the suitability of DGC (BoviPure®, Percoll® and Accudenz®) and FC (Sephadex G-15®) sperm selection procedures for fresh-extended and cold-stored ram semen by assessment of post-treatment sperm quality variables. Twenty normospermic ejaculates from ten adult Merino rams were used. Sperm concentration of recovered cells was greater (P < 0.001) after BoviPure treatment than other procedures in both fresh and cold semen. With the Sephadex method, there were more desirable values than with use of DGC procedures in several sperm motility variables measured by using the CASA system. In non-refrigerated semen samples, the percentage of progressive sperm motility (%PSM) after Sephadex filtration was greater (P < 0.05) than after BoviPure treatment; the straightline velocity (VSL) value after Sephadex filtration was greater (P < 0.01) than after Accudenz treatment; the amplitude of lateral head displacement (ALH) after Sephadex and Accudenz treatment was less than non-filtered semen (P < 0.001) and after Percoll (P < 0.01) and BoviPure (P < 0.05) treatments. In cold-stored semen samples, the %PSM after Sephadex filtration was greater than non-filtered (P < 0.05) semen and after BoviPure (P < 0.05), Percoll (P < 0.05) and Accudenz (P < 0.001) treatments. It is concluded that Sephadex column filtration can be used to select ram sperm in non-refrigerated and cooled semen, because percentage progressively motile sperm and some other sperm motility characteristics are greater with use of this techniques as compared with use of DGC methods.
Galarza, D. A., López-Sebastián, A., Woelders, H., Blesbois, E., & Santiago-Moreno, J. (2018). Sephadex filtration as successful alternative to density-gradient centrifugation procedures for ram sperm selection with improved kinetics. Animal Reproduction Science, 192, 261-270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2018.03.022