Self-reported sensitivity to physiological signals of satiation and hunger: Assessment of construct validity

Aikaterini Palascha*, Ellen van Kleef, Emely de Vet, Hans C.M. van Trijp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The ability to perceive bodily signals of satiation and hunger is key for the self-regulation of food intake. Measuring this competence in large populations and/or in ecologically valid conditions requires valid self-reports. In this research, we tested the construct validity of two self-report measures of the Multidimensional Internally Regulated Eating Scale (MIRES); Sensitivity to physiological signals of satiation (SS) and Sensitivity to physiological signals of hunger (SH). In two pre-registered studies, we examined associations of SS and SH with behavioural indicators of the incidental ability to perceive the onset of satiation and hunger, respectively, but also with a generic self-report of interoceptive awareness (Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness - MAIA). The associations of MAIA with the behavioural indicators were also examined. In a healthy sample of 113 males/females (19–68 years), SS was not associated with satiation threshold as measured with the water load test in the laboratory (Study 1). Likewise, in a healthy sample of 107 females (18–27 years), SH was not associated with hunger threshold as measured with the preload test in a semi-controlled setting (Study 2). Neither MAIA was associated with the thresholds, but was positively associated with SS and SH, providing preliminary evidence for their construct validity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111054
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume182
Early online date18 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Behavioural indicator
  • Construct validity
  • Hunger
  • Preload test
  • Satiation
  • Self-report
  • Sensitivity
  • Water load test

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