Selenium speciation in different organs of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) enriched through a selenium-enriched garlic based diet

Z. Pedrero, S. Murillo, C. Camara, E. Schram, J.B. Luten, I. Feldmann, N. Jakubowski, Y. Madrid

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23 Citations (Scopus)


Speciation of Se in fish is needed to elucidate the metabolism of this element in living organisms in the marine environment. In this paper, selenium concentration and its species distribution in several organs and tissues (liver, gills, kidney, muscle and gastrointestinal tract) of African catfish fed with a selenium-enriched garlic based diet was studied. The intention of this paper is focused on both the investigation of selenium distribution in the soluble protein fraction and the detection of selenoaminoacids. Thus, two different procedures have been developed. In the first procedure, screening of selenium in proteins in the Tris-buffer soluble fraction of different tissues was carried out by size exclusion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (SEC-ICP-MS) and by laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) after sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) separation and electroblotting onto membranes. For the amino acid analysis, several sample treatments for Se-species extraction, based on enzymatic hydrolysis, were compared. The best results were obtained for incubation at controlled temperature. Application of several sample treatments in conjunction with different chromatographic techniques (reverse phase, anion exchange and ion exchange/size exclusion) was crucial to unambiguous Se-species identification. In Se-enriched African catfish a noticeable increase in the content of selenium in different organs was observed, except for the liver, where the Se level remained unaltered. The kidney was the Se-target organ in animals fed with enriched Se food. Selenomethionine (SeMet) was the main Se species identified in fillet extracts, whereas the presence of selenocysteine (SeCys) was detected in the liver and both SeMet and SeCys were present in the kidney.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-125
JournalJournal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • hplc-icp-ms
  • enzymatic probe sonication
  • isotope-dilution analysis
  • plasma-mass spectrometry
  • food-chain selenium
  • se-speciation
  • sample preparation
  • brassica-juncea
  • human health
  • brazil nuts


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