Industrial nitriles from biomass: Vanadium-chloroperoxidase is successfully used to transform selectively glutamic acid into 3-cyanopropanoic acid, a key intermediate for the synthesis of bio-succinonitrile and bio-acrylonitrile, by using a catalytic amount of a halide salt. This clean oxidative decarboxylation can be applied to mixtures of amino acids obtained from plant waste streams, leading to easily separable nitriles.
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But, A., le Notre, J. E. L., Scott, E. L., Wever, R., & Sanders, J. P. M. (2012). Selective Oxidative Decarboxylation of Amino Acids to Produce Industrially Relevant Nitriles by Vanadium Chloroperoxidase. ChemSusChem, 5(7), 1199-1202. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201200098