Selective on-line detection of boronic acids and derivatives in high-performance liquid chromatography eluates by post-column reaction with alizarin

F.L. Duval, P.A. Wardani, H. Zuilhof, T.A. van Beek

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Abstract

An on-line high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the rapid and selective detection of boronic acids in complex mixtures was developed. After optimization experiments at an HPLC flow rate of 0.40 mL/min, the HPLC-separated analytes were mixed post-column with a solution of 75 µM alizarin and 0.1% triethylamine in acetonitrile, which was delivered at a flow rate of 0.60 mL/min. The reaction between alizarin and boronic acids occurred in a reaction coil of dimensions of 3.5 m × 0.25 mm at a temperature of 50 °C, resulting in fluorescent complexes that were detected as positive peaks by a fluorescence detector (¿exc 469 nm and ¿em 610 nm). The method enabled the selective detection of various boronic acids and derivatives, with a limit of detection of phenylboronic acid of 1.2 ng or 1 µM. It could successfully monitor the progress of two organic reactions involving boronic acid-containing compounds, and provided useful insights into the course of the reactions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-63
JournalJournal of Chromatography. A, Including electrophoresis and other separation methods
Volume1417
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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