A quinone-respiring, enrichment culture derived from methanogenic granular sludge was phylogenetically characterized by using a combined cloning-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) method, which revealed that the consortium developed was dominated by a single microorganism: 97% related, in a sequence of 1520 base pairs, to Geobacter sulfurreducens. The enrichment culture could grow with acetate, formate or H-2 when humic acids, the humic model compound, anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS), or chelated Fe(III) was provided as a terminal electron acceptor. The occurrence of a humic acid- or quinone-respiring microorganism in the microbial community of a wastewater treatment system suggests that this type of microorganisms may play a potential role in anaerobic bioreactors treating humus-containing wastewaters.
- humic substances
- redox mediators