Selection of Prunus spinosa as a dwarfing rootstock for high density plum orchards

F.M. Maas, J.M.T. Balkhoven-Baart, P.A.H. van der Steeg

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In 1987 a selection program was started to find a dwarfing rootstock for European plums. Prunus spinosa (blackthorn) was the chosen species due to its winter hardiness, drought tolerance and previously shown compatibility with plum. In 1990 about 1000 blackthorn seedlings were budded with ‘Opal’ plum. Based on the vigour of the trees during the first year in the nursery, 113 selections were selected for further testing for their effect on tree development and fruit production. The amount of root suckers and thorns were used as additional selection criteria. In 1999 the number of selections was reduced to 24. In several trials carried out between 2006 and 2011, the vigour and yield of ‘Victoria’ on these selections was shown to vary between that on the commonly used rootstock ‘Saint Julien A’ and ‘Krymsk1’ (VVA-1), a dwarfing and highly productive rootstock that had been introduced in the Netherlands concurrently with the trials. Although ‘Krymsk11’ gives very good tree-size control and precocity, it is too dwarfing for some soils and cultivars and sensitive to bacterial canker caused by Pseudomomas syringae. Recently, the five most promising selections were planted in higher numbers. The best selection will be released as soon as it has been registered, and virus free material becomes available. Additional tests will be needed to determine the suitability of these blackthorn selections for other stone fruit species like peach and apricot and for other soils and climatic conditions.
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems
    EditorsK. Theron
    Place of PublicationLeuven
    PublisherISHS
    Pages507-516
    Volume1058
    ISBN (Print)9789462610484
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems, Stellenbosch, South Africa -
    Duration: 3 Dec 20126 Dec 2012

    Conference

    ConferenceX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems, Stellenbosch, South Africa
    Period3/12/126/12/12

    Fingerprint

    Prunus spinosa
    dwarfing
    plums
    rootstocks
    orchards
    vigor
    winter hardiness
    opal
    Prunus domestica
    plant spines
    stone fruits
    apricots
    adventitious shoots
    selection criteria
    drought tolerance
    peaches
    fruiting
    early development
    soil
    Netherlands

    Cite this

    Maas, F. M., Balkhoven-Baart, J. M. T., & van der Steeg, P. A. H. (2014). Selection of Prunus spinosa as a dwarfing rootstock for high density plum orchards. In K. Theron (Ed.), X International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems (Vol. 1058, pp. 507-516). Leuven: ISHS. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1058.63
    Maas, F.M. ; Balkhoven-Baart, J.M.T. ; van der Steeg, P.A.H. / Selection of Prunus spinosa as a dwarfing rootstock for high density plum orchards. X International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. editor / K. Theron. Vol. 1058 Leuven : ISHS, 2014. pp. 507-516
    @inproceedings{615ec4b0aad44d84ab0e5b335adb9267,
    title = "Selection of Prunus spinosa as a dwarfing rootstock for high density plum orchards",
    abstract = "In 1987 a selection program was started to find a dwarfing rootstock for European plums. Prunus spinosa (blackthorn) was the chosen species due to its winter hardiness, drought tolerance and previously shown compatibility with plum. In 1990 about 1000 blackthorn seedlings were budded with ‘Opal’ plum. Based on the vigour of the trees during the first year in the nursery, 113 selections were selected for further testing for their effect on tree development and fruit production. The amount of root suckers and thorns were used as additional selection criteria. In 1999 the number of selections was reduced to 24. In several trials carried out between 2006 and 2011, the vigour and yield of ‘Victoria’ on these selections was shown to vary between that on the commonly used rootstock ‘Saint Julien A’ and ‘Krymsk1’ (VVA-1), a dwarfing and highly productive rootstock that had been introduced in the Netherlands concurrently with the trials. Although ‘Krymsk11’ gives very good tree-size control and precocity, it is too dwarfing for some soils and cultivars and sensitive to bacterial canker caused by Pseudomomas syringae. Recently, the five most promising selections were planted in higher numbers. The best selection will be released as soon as it has been registered, and virus free material becomes available. Additional tests will be needed to determine the suitability of these blackthorn selections for other stone fruit species like peach and apricot and for other soils and climatic conditions.",
    author = "F.M. Maas and J.M.T. Balkhoven-Baart and {van der Steeg}, P.A.H.",
    year = "2014",
    doi = "10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1058.63",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "9789462610484",
    volume = "1058",
    pages = "507--516",
    editor = "K. Theron",
    booktitle = "X International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems",
    publisher = "ISHS",

    }

    Maas, FM, Balkhoven-Baart, JMT & van der Steeg, PAH 2014, Selection of Prunus spinosa as a dwarfing rootstock for high density plum orchards. in K Theron (ed.), X International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. vol. 1058, ISHS, Leuven, pp. 507-516, X International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 3/12/12. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1058.63

    Selection of Prunus spinosa as a dwarfing rootstock for high density plum orchards. / Maas, F.M.; Balkhoven-Baart, J.M.T.; van der Steeg, P.A.H.

    X International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. ed. / K. Theron. Vol. 1058 Leuven : ISHS, 2014. p. 507-516.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Selection of Prunus spinosa as a dwarfing rootstock for high density plum orchards

    AU - Maas, F.M.

    AU - Balkhoven-Baart, J.M.T.

    AU - van der Steeg, P.A.H.

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - In 1987 a selection program was started to find a dwarfing rootstock for European plums. Prunus spinosa (blackthorn) was the chosen species due to its winter hardiness, drought tolerance and previously shown compatibility with plum. In 1990 about 1000 blackthorn seedlings were budded with ‘Opal’ plum. Based on the vigour of the trees during the first year in the nursery, 113 selections were selected for further testing for their effect on tree development and fruit production. The amount of root suckers and thorns were used as additional selection criteria. In 1999 the number of selections was reduced to 24. In several trials carried out between 2006 and 2011, the vigour and yield of ‘Victoria’ on these selections was shown to vary between that on the commonly used rootstock ‘Saint Julien A’ and ‘Krymsk1’ (VVA-1), a dwarfing and highly productive rootstock that had been introduced in the Netherlands concurrently with the trials. Although ‘Krymsk11’ gives very good tree-size control and precocity, it is too dwarfing for some soils and cultivars and sensitive to bacterial canker caused by Pseudomomas syringae. Recently, the five most promising selections were planted in higher numbers. The best selection will be released as soon as it has been registered, and virus free material becomes available. Additional tests will be needed to determine the suitability of these blackthorn selections for other stone fruit species like peach and apricot and for other soils and climatic conditions.

    AB - In 1987 a selection program was started to find a dwarfing rootstock for European plums. Prunus spinosa (blackthorn) was the chosen species due to its winter hardiness, drought tolerance and previously shown compatibility with plum. In 1990 about 1000 blackthorn seedlings were budded with ‘Opal’ plum. Based on the vigour of the trees during the first year in the nursery, 113 selections were selected for further testing for their effect on tree development and fruit production. The amount of root suckers and thorns were used as additional selection criteria. In 1999 the number of selections was reduced to 24. In several trials carried out between 2006 and 2011, the vigour and yield of ‘Victoria’ on these selections was shown to vary between that on the commonly used rootstock ‘Saint Julien A’ and ‘Krymsk1’ (VVA-1), a dwarfing and highly productive rootstock that had been introduced in the Netherlands concurrently with the trials. Although ‘Krymsk11’ gives very good tree-size control and precocity, it is too dwarfing for some soils and cultivars and sensitive to bacterial canker caused by Pseudomomas syringae. Recently, the five most promising selections were planted in higher numbers. The best selection will be released as soon as it has been registered, and virus free material becomes available. Additional tests will be needed to determine the suitability of these blackthorn selections for other stone fruit species like peach and apricot and for other soils and climatic conditions.

    U2 - 10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1058.63

    DO - 10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1058.63

    M3 - Conference contribution

    SN - 9789462610484

    VL - 1058

    SP - 507

    EP - 516

    BT - X International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems

    A2 - Theron, K.

    PB - ISHS

    CY - Leuven

    ER -

    Maas FM, Balkhoven-Baart JMT, van der Steeg PAH. Selection of Prunus spinosa as a dwarfing rootstock for high density plum orchards. In Theron K, editor, X International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems. Vol. 1058. Leuven: ISHS. 2014. p. 507-516 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1058.63