Selection of phosphorus solubilizing bacteria with biocontrol potential for growth in phosphorus rich animal bone charcoal

J. Postma, E.H. Nijhuis, E. Sommeus

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Bacteria with the ability to solubilize phosphorus (P) and to improve plant health were selected and tested for growth and survival in P-rich animal bone charcoal (ABC). ABC is suggested to be suitable as a carrier for biocontrol agents, offering them a protected niche as well as delivering phosphate to plants, meanwhile re-using P from waste of the food chain. Ninety-seven bacterial isolates from different soils were tested for their potential to dissolve P from ABC. Of these isolates, 60% showed positive scores; they belonged to the genera Arthrobacter, Bacillus, Burkholderia, Collimonas, Paenibacillus, Pseudomonas, Serratia, and Streptomyces. Twelve isolates from different taxonomic groups were selected for further research on growth ability and survival in ABC, and on their potential to control plant pathogens. The highest concentrations of P were dissolved by Pseudomonas chlororaphis and Bacillus pumilus, followed by Paenibacillus polymyxa, Burkholderia pyrrocinia and three Streptomyces isolates. P. chlororaphis and P. polymyxa showed strongest growth inhibition of plant pathogenic Pythium and Fusarium sp., followed by the Streptomyces spp. isolates. Research highlights Describes a stepwise selection procedure with the aim to find beneficial bacteria that can grow in animal bone charcoal (ABC). This research was part of an EU project, with the aim to recycle and upgrade waste from the food chain. The results show that several interesting beneficial bacteria could proliferate and survive in this ABC carrier. Keywords: Biological control; Phosphorus mobilization; Antagonistic bacteria; Animal bone charcoal; Pythium aphanidermatum; Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis lycopersici
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)464-469
    JournalApplied Soil Ecology
    Volume46
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • pythium-aphanidermatum
    • rhizoctonia-solani
    • damping-off
    • plant
    • root
    • soil
    • management
    • suppressiveness
    • microorganisms
    • formulations

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