Selection of Bemisia nymphal stages for oviposition or feeding, and host-handling times of arrhenotokous and thelytokous Eretmocerus mundus and arrhenotokous E. eremicus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Host-handling behavior is an important aspect of parasitoid foraging behavior. When a parasitoid encounters a potential host, the handling behavior starts with the evaluation of the host and continues if the host has been judged acceptable. Host handling is usually terminated after egg laying or host feeding and host marking. Host-handling behavior of an arrhenotokous population of two Eretmocerus species, E. mundus Mercet and E. eremicus Rose and Zolnerowich, along with a thelytokous population of E. mundus were compared under laboratory conditions. Several elements of host-handling behavior, including encountering, ascending, turning on host, descending, preening, egg laying, and host feeding were recorded. There were no correlations among the durations of these phases across parasitoid populations/species or host nymphal instars. Duration of different phases of host-handling behavior showed only slight and sometimes significant differences between different Eretmoceruspopulations/species. The actual laying of the egg had the longest duration of all host-handling behaviors, and was longer on third nymphal instars than on younger ones. Females of the three populations/species accepted the first three nymphal stages either for egg laying or for host feeding. Females spent a lot of time to make wounds in the host when preparing for host feeding, and eventually killed the host. The implications of these findings for the use of the different Eretmoceruspopulations/species in biological control are discussed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-463
JournalBioControl
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • encarsia-formosa hymenoptera
  • trialeurodes-vaporariorum homoptera
  • biological-control agents
  • life-history parameters
  • amitus-fuscipennis
  • aphelinid parasitoids
  • foraging behavior
  • aleyrodidae
  • tabaci
  • strategies

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Selection of Bemisia nymphal stages for oviposition or feeding, and host-handling times of arrhenotokous and thelytokous Eretmocerus mundus and arrhenotokous E. eremicus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this