Selection for scrapie resistance decreased inbreeding rates in two rare sheep breeds in the Netherlands

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper

Abstract

An attempt to balance selection intensity and conservation of genetic diversity was made in the national program for breeding for scrapie resistance in the Netherlands. The ARR allele is associated with resistance to scrapie. In the Netherlands a breeding program was started on a voluntary basis in 2001 and starting 2004 the use of ARR/ARR rams was obligatory. In some rare breeds there were so few ARR/ARR rams that the risk of high inbreeding and associated loss of genetic diversity would be unacceptably high. Based on computer simulations predicting the inbreeding rates for several breeds exemptions on the obligatory breeding program were allowed. In this paper the ARR frequencies and associated inbreeding rates are analyzed as an indication of loss in genetic diversity during the years of scrapie selection in two breeds: the “Zwartbles schaap” (Black-blazed sheep) and the “Melkschaap” (Friesian-Zealand Milksheep).
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event9th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production (WCGALP), Leipzig Germany -
Duration: 1 Aug 20106 Aug 2010

Conference

Conference9th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production (WCGALP), Leipzig Germany
Period1/08/106/08/10

Keywords

  • sheep
  • rare breeds
  • scrapie
  • disease resistance
  • genetic resistance
  • animal breeding
  • genetic diversity
  • frisian milk sheep
  • zeeland milk sheep
  • black blazed sheep

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