Seed Vigour and Invigoration

Sudipta Basu*, Steven P.C. Groot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Seed vigour is an important aspect of seed quality. It is a quantitative trait which is responsible for overall seed performance in terms of rate and uniformity of seed germination, seedling growth, emergence ability under unfavourable environments and post storage performance. Seed vigour is controlled by genetic factors, initial seed quality, production environments, harvesting and storage conditions. Seed vigour tests provide a more sensitive index of seed performance per se than the germination test. Efforts have been focused on developing novel or improving existing methods of vigour estimation in different crops. The vigour tests are tools routinely used for in-house seed quality control programs, especially for field and vegetable crops. Some treatments can improve seed vigour, although the treatment effects are more evident under sub-optimum than optimum growing conditions. This chapter deals with different aspects of seed vigour and its effects on plant growth and discusses physiological and biochemical parameters to understand underlying mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSeed Science and Technology
Subtitle of host publicationBiology, Production, Quality
EditorsM. Dadlani, D.K. Yadava
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9789811958885
ISBN (Print)9789811958878
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • Crop production
  • Seed quality
  • Seed vigour
  • Seed vigour test
  • Seed, invigouration


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