Seed systems and intellectual property rights: an inventory from five sub Saharan African Countries

M.T. Mahop, B. de Jonge, P. Munyi

Research output: Book/ReportReportAcademic


Many developing countries are in the process of developing or updating their national Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) systems in order to adhere to international agreements. With respect to the agricultural sector in developing countries, the importance of implementing a Plant Variety Protection (PVP) system that suits national and local needs and conditions is of utmost importance. The challenge for developing countries is to create an IPR system that suits both their commercial, national food security, and smallholder farmers’ interests. This report aims to assist in that endeavour by analysing the current status of IPR legislation and regulations regarding seed in five African countries: Burkina Faso, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda; and the international and regional IPR organisations that encompass them: in particular OAPI and ARIPO. In addition, we investigate the possibilities for, and examples of, a PVP system that creates different levels of protection in order to fit the needs and characteristics of the various seed systems that exist in a given country.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherMinisterie van EL&I
Number of pages79
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • breeders' rights
  • intellectual property rights
  • plant genetic resources
  • developing countries
  • legislation
  • africa south of sahara
  • food security
  • Netherlands

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