Seed governance. From seed aid to seed system security in fragile areas

P.I. Rietberg, H. Gevers, O. Hospes

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


Intergovernmental agencies and development organizations, including Cordaid, consider interventions directed at seed security of utmost importance to support smallholders recovering from conflict situations and disasters, and to contribute to revitalisation of local agricultural production and food security. There is, however, considerable debate about the most appropriate type and strategic level of intervention to enhance smallholders’ seed security in conflict and post-conflict areas. Given the co-existence of different types of interventions and agencies directed at providing seed security, the governance of seed security has become very relevant, questioning what collaborative arrangements between government, business and civil society can help to effectively address seed insecurity. Donors and development practitioners often prefer certified or improved seed to seed from the informal sector. However, farmers’ evaluation criteria can differ from criteria developed by breeders or those setting seed certification standards, and the agro-ecological conditions under which varieties are selected may differ from those on-farm, thus affecting crop performance.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationThe Hague
Number of pages45
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • seed industry
  • seed production
  • development cooperation
  • regional specialty products
  • food safety
  • small farms
  • regulations
  • guidelines

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