Sediment toxicity testing of organic chemicals in the context of prospective risk assessment: A review

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Abstract

Sediment toxicity tests play an important role in prospective risk assessment for organic chemicals. This review describes sediment toxicity tests for microorganisms, macrophytes, benthic invertebrates and benthic communities. Current approaches in sediment toxicity testing are fragmentary and diverse. This hampers the translation of single species test results between freshwater, estuarine and marine ecosystems and to the population and community levels. A more representative selection of species and endpoints as well as a unification of dose metrics and exposure assessment methodologies across groups of test species, constitutes a first step towards a balanced strategy for sediment toxicity testing of single organic compounds in the context of prospective risk assessment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-302
JournalCritical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • species sensitivity distributions
  • amphipod corophium-volutator
  • midge chironomus-riparius
  • fresh-water sediments
  • polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbon
  • field-collected sediment
  • aquatic food webs
  • quality guidelines
  • benthic invertebrates
  • whole-sediment

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