Seagrass ecosystem trajectory depends on the relative timescales of resistance, recovery and disturbance

Katherine R. O'Brien, Michelle Waycott, Paul Maxwell, Gary A. Kendrick, James W. Udy, Angus J.P. Ferguson, Kieryn Kilminster, Peter Scanes, Len J. McKenzie, Kathryn McMahon, Matthew P. Adams, Jimena Samper-Villarreal, Catherine Collier, Mitchell Lyons, Peter J. Mumby, Lynda Radke, Marjolijn J.A. Christianen, William C. Dennison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seagrass ecosystems are inherently dynamic, responding to environmental change across a range of scales. Habitat requirements of seagrass are well defined, but less is known about their ability to resist disturbance. Specific means of recovery after loss are particularly difficult to quantify. Here we assess the resistance and recovery capacity of 12 seagrass genera. We document four classic trajectories of degradation and recovery for seagrass ecosystems, illustrated with examples from around the world. Recovery can be rapid once conditions improve, but seagrass absence at landscape scales may persist for many decades, perpetuated by feedbacks and/or lack of seed or plant propagules to initiate recovery. It can be difficult to distinguish between slow recovery, recalcitrant degradation, and the need for a window of opportunity to trigger recovery. We propose a framework synthesizing how the spatial and temporal scales of both disturbance and seagrass response affect ecosystem trajectory and hence resilience.
LanguageEnglish
Pages166-176
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume134
Early online date19 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Fingerprint

seagrass
Ecosystems
trajectories
trajectory
Trajectories
timescale
disturbance
Recovery
ecosystems
ecosystem
propagation materials
degradation
Degradation
ecosystem response
habitats
seeds
Seed
environmental change
Feedback
seed

Keywords

  • Colonizing
  • Opportunistic
  • Persistent
  • Recovery
  • Resilience
  • Resistance
  • Seagrass
  • Trajectory

Cite this

O'Brien, K. R., Waycott, M., Maxwell, P., Kendrick, G. A., Udy, J. W., Ferguson, A. J. P., ... Dennison, W. C. (2018). Seagrass ecosystem trajectory depends on the relative timescales of resistance, recovery and disturbance. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 134, 166-176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.09.006
O'Brien, Katherine R. ; Waycott, Michelle ; Maxwell, Paul ; Kendrick, Gary A. ; Udy, James W. ; Ferguson, Angus J.P. ; Kilminster, Kieryn ; Scanes, Peter ; McKenzie, Len J. ; McMahon, Kathryn ; Adams, Matthew P. ; Samper-Villarreal, Jimena ; Collier, Catherine ; Lyons, Mitchell ; Mumby, Peter J. ; Radke, Lynda ; Christianen, Marjolijn J.A. ; Dennison, William C. / Seagrass ecosystem trajectory depends on the relative timescales of resistance, recovery and disturbance. In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2018 ; Vol. 134. pp. 166-176.
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abstract = "Seagrass ecosystems are inherently dynamic, responding to environmental change across a range of scales. Habitat requirements of seagrass are well defined, but less is known about their ability to resist disturbance. Specific means of recovery after loss are particularly difficult to quantify. Here we assess the resistance and recovery capacity of 12 seagrass genera. We document four classic trajectories of degradation and recovery for seagrass ecosystems, illustrated with examples from around the world. Recovery can be rapid once conditions improve, but seagrass absence at landscape scales may persist for many decades, perpetuated by feedbacks and/or lack of seed or plant propagules to initiate recovery. It can be difficult to distinguish between slow recovery, recalcitrant degradation, and the need for a window of opportunity to trigger recovery. We propose a framework synthesizing how the spatial and temporal scales of both disturbance and seagrass response affect ecosystem trajectory and hence resilience.",
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author = "O'Brien, {Katherine R.} and Michelle Waycott and Paul Maxwell and Kendrick, {Gary A.} and Udy, {James W.} and Ferguson, {Angus J.P.} and Kieryn Kilminster and Peter Scanes and McKenzie, {Len J.} and Kathryn McMahon and Adams, {Matthew P.} and Jimena Samper-Villarreal and Catherine Collier and Mitchell Lyons and Mumby, {Peter J.} and Lynda Radke and Christianen, {Marjolijn J.A.} and Dennison, {William C.}",
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O'Brien, KR, Waycott, M, Maxwell, P, Kendrick, GA, Udy, JW, Ferguson, AJP, Kilminster, K, Scanes, P, McKenzie, LJ, McMahon, K, Adams, MP, Samper-Villarreal, J, Collier, C, Lyons, M, Mumby, PJ, Radke, L, Christianen, MJA & Dennison, WC 2018, 'Seagrass ecosystem trajectory depends on the relative timescales of resistance, recovery and disturbance', Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 134, pp. 166-176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.09.006

Seagrass ecosystem trajectory depends on the relative timescales of resistance, recovery and disturbance. / O'Brien, Katherine R.; Waycott, Michelle; Maxwell, Paul; Kendrick, Gary A.; Udy, James W.; Ferguson, Angus J.P.; Kilminster, Kieryn; Scanes, Peter; McKenzie, Len J.; McMahon, Kathryn; Adams, Matthew P.; Samper-Villarreal, Jimena; Collier, Catherine; Lyons, Mitchell; Mumby, Peter J.; Radke, Lynda; Christianen, Marjolijn J.A.; Dennison, William C.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 134, 09.2018, p. 166-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seagrass ecosystem trajectory depends on the relative timescales of resistance, recovery and disturbance

AU - O'Brien, Katherine R.

AU - Waycott, Michelle

AU - Maxwell, Paul

AU - Kendrick, Gary A.

AU - Udy, James W.

AU - Ferguson, Angus J.P.

AU - Kilminster, Kieryn

AU - Scanes, Peter

AU - McKenzie, Len J.

AU - McMahon, Kathryn

AU - Adams, Matthew P.

AU - Samper-Villarreal, Jimena

AU - Collier, Catherine

AU - Lyons, Mitchell

AU - Mumby, Peter J.

AU - Radke, Lynda

AU - Christianen, Marjolijn J.A.

AU - Dennison, William C.

PY - 2018/9

Y1 - 2018/9

N2 - Seagrass ecosystems are inherently dynamic, responding to environmental change across a range of scales. Habitat requirements of seagrass are well defined, but less is known about their ability to resist disturbance. Specific means of recovery after loss are particularly difficult to quantify. Here we assess the resistance and recovery capacity of 12 seagrass genera. We document four classic trajectories of degradation and recovery for seagrass ecosystems, illustrated with examples from around the world. Recovery can be rapid once conditions improve, but seagrass absence at landscape scales may persist for many decades, perpetuated by feedbacks and/or lack of seed or plant propagules to initiate recovery. It can be difficult to distinguish between slow recovery, recalcitrant degradation, and the need for a window of opportunity to trigger recovery. We propose a framework synthesizing how the spatial and temporal scales of both disturbance and seagrass response affect ecosystem trajectory and hence resilience.

AB - Seagrass ecosystems are inherently dynamic, responding to environmental change across a range of scales. Habitat requirements of seagrass are well defined, but less is known about their ability to resist disturbance. Specific means of recovery after loss are particularly difficult to quantify. Here we assess the resistance and recovery capacity of 12 seagrass genera. We document four classic trajectories of degradation and recovery for seagrass ecosystems, illustrated with examples from around the world. Recovery can be rapid once conditions improve, but seagrass absence at landscape scales may persist for many decades, perpetuated by feedbacks and/or lack of seed or plant propagules to initiate recovery. It can be difficult to distinguish between slow recovery, recalcitrant degradation, and the need for a window of opportunity to trigger recovery. We propose a framework synthesizing how the spatial and temporal scales of both disturbance and seagrass response affect ecosystem trajectory and hence resilience.

KW - Colonizing

KW - Opportunistic

KW - Persistent

KW - Recovery

KW - Resilience

KW - Resistance

KW - Seagrass

KW - Trajectory

U2 - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.09.006

DO - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.09.006

M3 - Article

VL - 134

SP - 166

EP - 176

JO - Marine Pollution Bulletin

T2 - Marine Pollution Bulletin

JF - Marine Pollution Bulletin

SN - 0025-326X

ER -