Seabird seasonal trophodynamics: isotopic patterns in a community of Pacific alcids

W.E. Davies, J.M. Hipfner, K.A. Hobson, R.C. Ydenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured delta N-15 and delta C-13 values in the blood of breeding adults and nestlings of 5 species of alcids at Triangle Island, British Columbia, to estimate the extent to which these seabirds alter their foraging ecology across successive breeding stages. Considerable intraspecific (stage-to-stage) and interspecific variation was found. Two species-common murre Uria aalge and pigeon guillemot Cepphus columba-fed consistently at high trophic levels (i.e. diets of fish) in inshore or benthically linked habitats. The foraging ecology of 3 others-Cassin's auklet Ptychoramphus aleuticus, rhinoceros auklet Cerorhinca monocerata and tufted puffin Fratercula cirrhata-was more variable. Tufted puffins exhibited especially dramatic trophic and habitat shifts between early and late-season diets. With the exception of tufted puffin, the diet of provisioning adults differed from that. fed to their nestlings. Trophic level of the community as a whole increased as the season progressed due to the combination of trophic shifting by rhinoceros auklets and tufted Puffins, and earlier breeding by zooplanktivorous Cassin's auklets than by piscivorous murres and guillemots. Our results contribute to a growing body of evidence that marine bird species exhibit considerable flexibility in their foraging behaviour and also shed new light on seasonal patterns in the trophic relations within marine bird communities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-219
JournalMarine Ecology Progress Series
Volume382
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • auklets ptychoramphus-aleuticus
  • stable-isotopes
  • trophic relationships
  • rhinoceros auklets
  • british-columbia
  • triangle island
  • ocean climate
  • piscivorous seabird
  • breeding success
  • foraging areas

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