Screening for microorganisms producing D-malate from maleate.

M.J. van der Werf, W.J.J. van den Tweel, S. Hartmans

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    More than 300 microorganisms were screened for their ability to convert maleate into D-malate as a result of the action of maleate hydratase. Accumulation of fumarate during incubation of permeabilized cells with maleate was shown to be indicative of one of the two enzymes known to transform maleate. The ratio in which fumarate and malate accumulated could be used to estimate the enantiomeric composition of the malate formed. Many strains (n = 128) were found to be capable of converting maleate to D-malate with an enantiomeric purity of more than 97%. Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes NCIMB 9867 was selected for more detailed studies. Although this strain was not able to grow on maleate, permeabilized cells were able to degrade maleate to undetectable levels, with a concomitant formation of D-malate. The D-malate was formed with an enantiomeric purity of more than 99.97%.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2854-2860
    JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 1992

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