Schmallenberg virus in Culicoides spp. biting midges, the Netherlands, 2011

A.R.W. Elbers, R. Meiswinkel, E. van Weezep, M.M. Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, E.A. Kooi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

150 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine which species of Culicoides biting midges carry Schmallenberg virus (SBV), we assayed midges collected in the Netherlands during autumn 2011. SBV RNA was found in C. scoticus, C. obsoletus sensu stricto, and C. chiopterus. The high proportion of infected midges might explain the rapid spread of SBV throughout Europe. During early summer 2011, Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup, spread across much of northern Europe, infecting ruminant livestock. The Simbu serogroup (family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus) includes Shamonda virus, Akabane virus, Sathuperi virus, and Aino virus. These viruses cause teratologic effects in ruminants and are arthropod-borne, and most have been isolated in the Old World from mosquitoes and Culicoides spp. biting midges (1). Recent preliminary studies indicate that =1 species of Culicoides midges act as field vectors for SBV in Europe (2). To determine which Culicoides midge species harbor SBV, we analyzed midges collected from 3 livestock holdings in eastern and northeastern parts of the Netherlands.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-109
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Ceratopogonidae
Netherlands
Viruses
Orthobunyavirus
Ruminants
Livestock
Bunyaviridae
Arthropods
RNA Viruses
Culicidae

Keywords

  • ephemeral fever
  • culicoides
  • cattle
  • arthropods
  • isolations
  • europe

Cite this

Elbers, A. R. W., Meiswinkel, R., van Weezep, E., Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M. M., & Kooi, E. A. (2013). Schmallenberg virus in Culicoides spp. biting midges, the Netherlands, 2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 19(1), 106-109. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1901.121054
Elbers, A.R.W. ; Meiswinkel, R. ; van Weezep, E. ; Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M.M. ; Kooi, E.A. / Schmallenberg virus in Culicoides spp. biting midges, the Netherlands, 2011. In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2013 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 106-109.
@article{3d7101f15af141cc89b19fd95ce0ee58,
title = "Schmallenberg virus in Culicoides spp. biting midges, the Netherlands, 2011",
abstract = "To determine which species of Culicoides biting midges carry Schmallenberg virus (SBV), we assayed midges collected in the Netherlands during autumn 2011. SBV RNA was found in C. scoticus, C. obsoletus sensu stricto, and C. chiopterus. The high proportion of infected midges might explain the rapid spread of SBV throughout Europe. During early summer 2011, Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup, spread across much of northern Europe, infecting ruminant livestock. The Simbu serogroup (family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus) includes Shamonda virus, Akabane virus, Sathuperi virus, and Aino virus. These viruses cause teratologic effects in ruminants and are arthropod-borne, and most have been isolated in the Old World from mosquitoes and Culicoides spp. biting midges (1). Recent preliminary studies indicate that =1 species of Culicoides midges act as field vectors for SBV in Europe (2). To determine which Culicoides midge species harbor SBV, we analyzed midges collected from 3 livestock holdings in eastern and northeastern parts of the Netherlands.",
keywords = "ephemeral fever, culicoides, cattle, arthropods, isolations, europe",
author = "A.R.W. Elbers and R. Meiswinkel and {van Weezep}, E. and {Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan}, M.M. and E.A. Kooi",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.3201/eid1901.121054",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "106--109",
journal = "Emerging Infectious Diseases",
issn = "1080-6040",
publisher = "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)",
number = "1",

}

Elbers, ARW, Meiswinkel, R, van Weezep, E, Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, MM & Kooi, EA 2013, 'Schmallenberg virus in Culicoides spp. biting midges, the Netherlands, 2011', Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 106-109. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1901.121054

Schmallenberg virus in Culicoides spp. biting midges, the Netherlands, 2011. / Elbers, A.R.W.; Meiswinkel, R.; van Weezep, E.; Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M.M.; Kooi, E.A.

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2013, p. 106-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Schmallenberg virus in Culicoides spp. biting midges, the Netherlands, 2011

AU - Elbers, A.R.W.

AU - Meiswinkel, R.

AU - van Weezep, E.

AU - Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M.M.

AU - Kooi, E.A.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - To determine which species of Culicoides biting midges carry Schmallenberg virus (SBV), we assayed midges collected in the Netherlands during autumn 2011. SBV RNA was found in C. scoticus, C. obsoletus sensu stricto, and C. chiopterus. The high proportion of infected midges might explain the rapid spread of SBV throughout Europe. During early summer 2011, Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup, spread across much of northern Europe, infecting ruminant livestock. The Simbu serogroup (family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus) includes Shamonda virus, Akabane virus, Sathuperi virus, and Aino virus. These viruses cause teratologic effects in ruminants and are arthropod-borne, and most have been isolated in the Old World from mosquitoes and Culicoides spp. biting midges (1). Recent preliminary studies indicate that =1 species of Culicoides midges act as field vectors for SBV in Europe (2). To determine which Culicoides midge species harbor SBV, we analyzed midges collected from 3 livestock holdings in eastern and northeastern parts of the Netherlands.

AB - To determine which species of Culicoides biting midges carry Schmallenberg virus (SBV), we assayed midges collected in the Netherlands during autumn 2011. SBV RNA was found in C. scoticus, C. obsoletus sensu stricto, and C. chiopterus. The high proportion of infected midges might explain the rapid spread of SBV throughout Europe. During early summer 2011, Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup, spread across much of northern Europe, infecting ruminant livestock. The Simbu serogroup (family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus) includes Shamonda virus, Akabane virus, Sathuperi virus, and Aino virus. These viruses cause teratologic effects in ruminants and are arthropod-borne, and most have been isolated in the Old World from mosquitoes and Culicoides spp. biting midges (1). Recent preliminary studies indicate that =1 species of Culicoides midges act as field vectors for SBV in Europe (2). To determine which Culicoides midge species harbor SBV, we analyzed midges collected from 3 livestock holdings in eastern and northeastern parts of the Netherlands.

KW - ephemeral fever

KW - culicoides

KW - cattle

KW - arthropods

KW - isolations

KW - europe

U2 - 10.3201/eid1901.121054

DO - 10.3201/eid1901.121054

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 106

EP - 109

JO - Emerging Infectious Diseases

JF - Emerging Infectious Diseases

SN - 1080-6040

IS - 1

ER -

Elbers ARW, Meiswinkel R, van Weezep E, Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan MM, Kooi EA. Schmallenberg virus in Culicoides spp. biting midges, the Netherlands, 2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2013;19(1):106-109. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1901.121054