Scenarios of Land Use and Land Cover Change and Their Multiple Impacts on Natural Capital in Tanzania

Claudia Capitani*, Arnout van Soesbergen, Kusaga Mukama, Isaac Malugu, Boniface Mbilinyi, Nurdin Chamuya, Bas Kempen, Rogers Malimbwi, Rebecca Mant, Panteleo Munishi, Marco Andrew Njana, Antonia Ortmann, Philip J. Platts, Lisen Runsten, Marieke Sassen, Philippina Sayo, Deo Shirima, Elikamu Zahabu, Neil D. Burgess, Rob Marchant

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation plus the conservation of forest carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+) requires information on land-use and land-cover changes (LULCCs) and carbon emission trends from the past to the present and into the future. Here, we use the results of participatory scenario development in Tanzania to assess the potential interacting impacts on carbon stock, biodiversity and water yield of alternative scenarios where REDD+ is or is not effectively implemented by 2025, a green economy (GE) scenario and a business as usual (BAU) scenario, respectively. Under the BAU scenario, LULCCs will cause 296 million tonnes of carbon (MtC) national stock loss by 2025, reduce the extent of suitable habitats for endemic and rare species (mainly in encroached protected mountain forests) and change water yields. In the GE scenario, national stock loss decreases to 133 MtC. In this scenario, consistent LULCC impacts occur within small forest patches with high carbon density, water catchment capacity and biodiversity richness. Opportunities for maximizing carbon emission reductions nationally are largely related to sustainable woodland management, but also contain trade-offs with biodiversity conservation and changes in water availability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-24
JournalEnvironmental Conservation
Volume46
Issue number1
Early online date18 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

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natural capital
Tanzania
Land use
land cover
Carbon
Economics
land use
carbon
Biodiversity
water yield
biodiversity
carbon emission
Water
Conservation
montane forest
rare species
endemic species
Deforestation
water availability
deforestation

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Capitani, C., van Soesbergen, A., Mukama, K., Malugu, I., Mbilinyi, B., Chamuya, N., ... Marchant, R. (2019). Scenarios of Land Use and Land Cover Change and Their Multiple Impacts on Natural Capital in Tanzania. Environmental Conservation, 46(1), 17-24. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892918000255
Capitani, Claudia ; van Soesbergen, Arnout ; Mukama, Kusaga ; Malugu, Isaac ; Mbilinyi, Boniface ; Chamuya, Nurdin ; Kempen, Bas ; Malimbwi, Rogers ; Mant, Rebecca ; Munishi, Panteleo ; Njana, Marco Andrew ; Ortmann, Antonia ; Platts, Philip J. ; Runsten, Lisen ; Sassen, Marieke ; Sayo, Philippina ; Shirima, Deo ; Zahabu, Elikamu ; Burgess, Neil D. ; Marchant, Rob. / Scenarios of Land Use and Land Cover Change and Their Multiple Impacts on Natural Capital in Tanzania. In: Environmental Conservation. 2019 ; Vol. 46, No. 1. pp. 17-24.
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author = "Claudia Capitani and {van Soesbergen}, Arnout and Kusaga Mukama and Isaac Malugu and Boniface Mbilinyi and Nurdin Chamuya and Bas Kempen and Rogers Malimbwi and Rebecca Mant and Panteleo Munishi and Njana, {Marco Andrew} and Antonia Ortmann and Platts, {Philip J.} and Lisen Runsten and Marieke Sassen and Philippina Sayo and Deo Shirima and Elikamu Zahabu and Burgess, {Neil D.} and Rob Marchant",
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Capitani, C, van Soesbergen, A, Mukama, K, Malugu, I, Mbilinyi, B, Chamuya, N, Kempen, B, Malimbwi, R, Mant, R, Munishi, P, Njana, MA, Ortmann, A, Platts, PJ, Runsten, L, Sassen, M, Sayo, P, Shirima, D, Zahabu, E, Burgess, ND & Marchant, R 2019, 'Scenarios of Land Use and Land Cover Change and Their Multiple Impacts on Natural Capital in Tanzania', Environmental Conservation, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 17-24. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892918000255

Scenarios of Land Use and Land Cover Change and Their Multiple Impacts on Natural Capital in Tanzania. / Capitani, Claudia; van Soesbergen, Arnout; Mukama, Kusaga; Malugu, Isaac; Mbilinyi, Boniface; Chamuya, Nurdin; Kempen, Bas; Malimbwi, Rogers; Mant, Rebecca; Munishi, Panteleo; Njana, Marco Andrew; Ortmann, Antonia; Platts, Philip J.; Runsten, Lisen; Sassen, Marieke; Sayo, Philippina; Shirima, Deo; Zahabu, Elikamu; Burgess, Neil D.; Marchant, Rob.

In: Environmental Conservation, Vol. 46, No. 1, 03.2019, p. 17-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Scenarios of Land Use and Land Cover Change and Their Multiple Impacts on Natural Capital in Tanzania

AU - Capitani, Claudia

AU - van Soesbergen, Arnout

AU - Mukama, Kusaga

AU - Malugu, Isaac

AU - Mbilinyi, Boniface

AU - Chamuya, Nurdin

AU - Kempen, Bas

AU - Malimbwi, Rogers

AU - Mant, Rebecca

AU - Munishi, Panteleo

AU - Njana, Marco Andrew

AU - Ortmann, Antonia

AU - Platts, Philip J.

AU - Runsten, Lisen

AU - Sassen, Marieke

AU - Sayo, Philippina

AU - Shirima, Deo

AU - Zahabu, Elikamu

AU - Burgess, Neil D.

AU - Marchant, Rob

PY - 2019/3

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AB - Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation plus the conservation of forest carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+) requires information on land-use and land-cover changes (LULCCs) and carbon emission trends from the past to the present and into the future. Here, we use the results of participatory scenario development in Tanzania to assess the potential interacting impacts on carbon stock, biodiversity and water yield of alternative scenarios where REDD+ is or is not effectively implemented by 2025, a green economy (GE) scenario and a business as usual (BAU) scenario, respectively. Under the BAU scenario, LULCCs will cause 296 million tonnes of carbon (MtC) national stock loss by 2025, reduce the extent of suitable habitats for endemic and rare species (mainly in encroached protected mountain forests) and change water yields. In the GE scenario, national stock loss decreases to 133 MtC. In this scenario, consistent LULCC impacts occur within small forest patches with high carbon density, water catchment capacity and biodiversity richness. Opportunities for maximizing carbon emission reductions nationally are largely related to sustainable woodland management, but also contain trade-offs with biodiversity conservation and changes in water availability.

U2 - 10.1017/S0376892918000255

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JF - Environmental Conservation

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