Scenarios for Resilient Shrimp Aquaculture in Tropical Coastal Areas

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64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We contend there are currently two competing scenarios for the sustainable development of shrimp aquaculture in coastal areas of Southeast Asia. First, a landscape approach, where farming techniques for small-scale producers are integrated into intertidal areas in a way that the ecological functions of mangroves are maintained and shrimp farming diseases are controlled. Second, a closed system approach, where problems of disease and effluent are eliminated in closed recirculation ponds behind the intertidal zone controlled by industrial-scale producers. We use these scenarios as two ends of a spectrum of possible interactions at a range of scales between the ecological, social, and political dynamics that underlie the threat to the resilience of mangrove forested coastal ecosystems. We discuss how the analytical concepts of resilience, uncertainty, risk, and the organizing heuristic of scale can assist us to understand decision making over shrimp production, and in doing so, explore their use in the empirical research areas of coastal ecology, shrimp health management and epidemiology, livelihoods, and governance in response to the two scenarios. Our conclusion focuses on a series of questions that map out a new interdisciplinary research agenda for sustainable shrimp aquaculture in coastal areas
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15
Number of pages17
JournalEcology and Society
Volume15
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • social-ecological systems
  • spot syndrome virus
  • mangrove rehabilitation
  • farming systems
  • penaeid shrimp
  • mekong delta
  • thailand
  • pond
  • management
  • fish

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