Scaling-up vaccine production: implementation aspects of a biomass growth observer and controller

Z.I.T.A. Soons, J. van den IJssel, L.A. van der Pol, G. van Straten, A.J.B. van Boxtel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract This study considers two aspects of the implementation of a biomass growth observer and specific growth rate controller in scale-up from small- to pilot-scale bioreactors towards a feasible bulk production process for whole-cell vaccine against whooping cough. The first is the calculation of the oxygen uptake rate, the starting point for online monitoring and control of biomass growth, taking into account the dynamics in the gas-phase. Mixing effects and delays are caused by amongst others the headspace and tubing to the analyzer. These gas phase dynamics are modelled using knowledge of the system in order to reconstruct oxygen consumption. The second aspect is to evaluate performance of the monitoring and control system with the required modifications of the oxygen consumption calculation on pilot-scale. In pilot-scale fed-batch cultivation good monitoring and control performance is obtained enabling a doubled concentration of bulk vaccine compared to standard batch production
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-299
JournalBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • fed-batch cultivation
  • fermentation processes
  • bordetella-pertussis
  • adaptive-control
  • online
  • design
  • state


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