Scaling up from individual behaviour of Orius sauteri foraging on Thrips palmi to its daily functional response

L. Hemerik, E. Yano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Functional responses of predators are generally measured under laboratory conditions at rather high prey densities. This is also true for the predation capability of the anthocorid predatory bug Orius sauteri (Poppius). To quantify the daily impact of one female Orius predator on its prey Thrips palmi Karny on greenhouse eggplants where the prey is present below the economic threshold density, we use its patch-leaving and feeding behaviour on eggplant leaves with different prey numbers and scale up to the larger spatio-temporal scale of the greenhouse and one foraging day by means of a simulation model. For this, we also use literature data on the distribution of T. palmi over eggplant leaves. The simulation results in a typical type II functional response for O. sauteri as a function of average T. palmi density: O. sauteri can find and eat approximately 10 prey items per day if T. palmi is present around its economic injury level. The daily mean number of prey eaten per O. sauteri predator, i.e., its predation capability, is highly sensitive to the actual baseline leaving tendency, the effect size of the presence of prey on the baseline leaving tendency and the effect size of the encounter rate with prey thereon
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-572
JournalPopulation Ecology
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • spodoptera-frugiperda lepidoptera
  • karny thysanoptera
  • insidiosus hemiptera
  • poppius heteroptera
  • anthocoridae
  • eggplant
  • predator
  • simulation
  • noctuidae
  • model

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