Salina Goto and reduced flamingo abundance since 2010: Ecological and ecotoxicological research

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

In 2010 a petrochemical fire took place at the BOPEC oil terminals on Bonaire. These facilities are located on the shores of the Goto lake, a legally protected RAMSAR wetland and important flamingo foraging area. Before the fire, daily flamingo counts averaged approximately 400 birds that used the area to feed on Artemia (brine shrimp) and Ephydra (brine fly larvae). Immediately after the fire, flamingo densities plummeted to nearly none and have not recovered. A large amount of fire retardants were used to combat the fire, and were hypothesised to be a potential cause for the flamingo declines. Our analyses of 15 years of baseline flamingo monitoring data show that rainfall does influence flamingo densities but only on the short-term and steering seasonal dynamics of flamingos. Therefore the rainfall event/change in the rainfall regime cannot account for lasting absence of flamingos. Nearby control lakes that were not affected by the fire showed no lasting reduction in flamingo densities, but instead an increase due to the birds no longer feeding in Goto.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationDen Helder
PublisherIMARES
Number of pages72
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

NameReport / IMARES Wageningen UR
PublisherIMARES
No.C211/13

Fingerprint

rainfall
brine
bird
lake
wetland
salina
larva
oil
petrochemical
baseline monitoring
flame retardant
monitoring data

Keywords

  • phoenicopteridae
  • ecology
  • chemistry
  • toxicology
  • bonaire

Cite this

Slijkerman, D.M.E. ; de Vries, P. ; Kotterman, M.J.J. ; Cuperus, J. ; Kwadijk, C.J.A.F. ; van Wijngaarden, R. / Salina Goto and reduced flamingo abundance since 2010: Ecological and ecotoxicological research. Den Helder : IMARES, 2013. 72 p. (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR; C211/13).
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abstract = "In 2010 a petrochemical fire took place at the BOPEC oil terminals on Bonaire. These facilities are located on the shores of the Goto lake, a legally protected RAMSAR wetland and important flamingo foraging area. Before the fire, daily flamingo counts averaged approximately 400 birds that used the area to feed on Artemia (brine shrimp) and Ephydra (brine fly larvae). Immediately after the fire, flamingo densities plummeted to nearly none and have not recovered. A large amount of fire retardants were used to combat the fire, and were hypothesised to be a potential cause for the flamingo declines. Our analyses of 15 years of baseline flamingo monitoring data show that rainfall does influence flamingo densities but only on the short-term and steering seasonal dynamics of flamingos. Therefore the rainfall event/change in the rainfall regime cannot account for lasting absence of flamingos. Nearby control lakes that were not affected by the fire showed no lasting reduction in flamingo densities, but instead an increase due to the birds no longer feeding in Goto.",
keywords = "phoenicopteridae, ecologie, chemie, toxicologie, bonaire, phoenicopteridae, ecology, chemistry, toxicology, bonaire",
author = "D.M.E. Slijkerman and {de Vries}, P. and M.J.J. Kotterman and J. Cuperus and C.J.A.F. Kwadijk and {van Wijngaarden}, R.",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
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number = "C211/13",

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Slijkerman, DME, de Vries, P, Kotterman, MJJ, Cuperus, J, Kwadijk, CJAF & van Wijngaarden, R 2013, Salina Goto and reduced flamingo abundance since 2010: Ecological and ecotoxicological research. Report / IMARES Wageningen UR, no. C211/13, IMARES, Den Helder.

Salina Goto and reduced flamingo abundance since 2010: Ecological and ecotoxicological research. / Slijkerman, D.M.E.; de Vries, P.; Kotterman, M.J.J.; Cuperus, J.; Kwadijk, C.J.A.F.; van Wijngaarden, R.

Den Helder : IMARES, 2013. 72 p. (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR; No. C211/13).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

TY - BOOK

T1 - Salina Goto and reduced flamingo abundance since 2010: Ecological and ecotoxicological research

AU - Slijkerman, D.M.E.

AU - de Vries, P.

AU - Kotterman, M.J.J.

AU - Cuperus, J.

AU - Kwadijk, C.J.A.F.

AU - van Wijngaarden, R.

PY - 2013

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N2 - In 2010 a petrochemical fire took place at the BOPEC oil terminals on Bonaire. These facilities are located on the shores of the Goto lake, a legally protected RAMSAR wetland and important flamingo foraging area. Before the fire, daily flamingo counts averaged approximately 400 birds that used the area to feed on Artemia (brine shrimp) and Ephydra (brine fly larvae). Immediately after the fire, flamingo densities plummeted to nearly none and have not recovered. A large amount of fire retardants were used to combat the fire, and were hypothesised to be a potential cause for the flamingo declines. Our analyses of 15 years of baseline flamingo monitoring data show that rainfall does influence flamingo densities but only on the short-term and steering seasonal dynamics of flamingos. Therefore the rainfall event/change in the rainfall regime cannot account for lasting absence of flamingos. Nearby control lakes that were not affected by the fire showed no lasting reduction in flamingo densities, but instead an increase due to the birds no longer feeding in Goto.

AB - In 2010 a petrochemical fire took place at the BOPEC oil terminals on Bonaire. These facilities are located on the shores of the Goto lake, a legally protected RAMSAR wetland and important flamingo foraging area. Before the fire, daily flamingo counts averaged approximately 400 birds that used the area to feed on Artemia (brine shrimp) and Ephydra (brine fly larvae). Immediately after the fire, flamingo densities plummeted to nearly none and have not recovered. A large amount of fire retardants were used to combat the fire, and were hypothesised to be a potential cause for the flamingo declines. Our analyses of 15 years of baseline flamingo monitoring data show that rainfall does influence flamingo densities but only on the short-term and steering seasonal dynamics of flamingos. Therefore the rainfall event/change in the rainfall regime cannot account for lasting absence of flamingos. Nearby control lakes that were not affected by the fire showed no lasting reduction in flamingo densities, but instead an increase due to the birds no longer feeding in Goto.

KW - phoenicopteridae

KW - ecologie

KW - chemie

KW - toxicologie

KW - bonaire

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KW - ecology

KW - chemistry

KW - toxicology

KW - bonaire

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BT - Salina Goto and reduced flamingo abundance since 2010: Ecological and ecotoxicological research

PB - IMARES

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Slijkerman DME, de Vries P, Kotterman MJJ, Cuperus J, Kwadijk CJAF, van Wijngaarden R. Salina Goto and reduced flamingo abundance since 2010: Ecological and ecotoxicological research. Den Helder: IMARES, 2013. 72 p. (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR; C211/13).