Safeguarding the sustainability of bioenergy in Europe. The implementation and impact of the EC Renewable Energy Directive and Fuel Quality Directive

M.L. Rau, E.M.W. Smeets, E.S. Georgiev, M.G.A. van Leeuwen

    Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

    Abstract

    In this study, the sustainability criteria in the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) are investigated and reviewed. First, an overview is given of the current and future use of bioenergy, and bioenergy policies in the EU are discussed. Next, it is discussed how the RED-FQD sustainability criteria are operationalised into practically indicators, including a critical evaluation of the scientific robustness, completeness and accuracy of the approaches and indicators used in the RED-FQD. Finally, various options are formulated and a discussion is presented on how the sustainability of biofuels can be investigated using economic models such as the global computable general equilibrium model MAGNET (Modular Applied GeNeral Equilibrium Tool). Such an analysis is needed to ascertain the impact of biofuel policies and will help to provide useful insights and advice for policy-makers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationThe Hague
    PublisherLEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR
    Number of pages115
    ISBN (Print)9789086155958
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Publication series

    NameReport / LEI Wageningen UR : Research area International policy
    PublisherLEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR

    Keywords

    • bioenergy
    • biofuels
    • biobased economy
    • sustainability
    • sustainability criteria
    • sustainability indicators
    • european union
    • energy policy
    • policy
    • sustainable energy
    • certification
    • economic models

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