Rwanda's Imidugudu Programme and Earlier Experiences with Villagization in East Africa

M. van Leeuwen

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    27 Citations (Scopus)


    Despite earlier, negative experiences in East Africa, in early 1997 the government of Rwanda embarked on an ambitious programme for villagisation and resettlement. While the Rwanda authorities present the programme as entirely different from its predecessors, a review of those and of the implementation of villagisation and resettlement in Rwanda shows that this statement cannot hold. Nevertheless, the programme gets considerable support from international agencies. This article investigates how international agencies have accepted and upheld the ‘narrative of difference’ of the Rwandan authorities. It argues that, notwithstanding the claims of the government, lessons from the experiences with villagisation in Mozambique, Ethiopia and Tanzania are relevant for the Rwanda case and should be taken into account.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)623-644
    JournalThe Journal of Modern African Studies
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

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