Ruimtelijke kwaliteit van kringlooplandbouw : definities en perspectieven door verschillende actoren

Michiel Bakx, Sanda Lenzholzer, Tia Hermans, Amanda Krijgsman, Niels Dam

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


The aim of this report is to operationalize the so far ill-defined concept ‘spatial quality’ in the context of circular agricultural landscapes. A literature study resulted in a spatial quality framework consisting of 16 spatial quality aspects for agricultural landscapes: historicity, regional character, diversity, coherence, degree of openness, naturalness, cues of care, seasonality, non-visual sensory experience, profitability, recreational opportunities, local economy, biodiversity, abiotic quality, circularity and sustainability. The importance of these aspects according to different types of actors (farmers, recreationists, local inhabitants and experts) is assessed by means of a survey. Based on the survey the aspects abiotic quality, biodiversity, profitability and sustainability are considered the most important aspects to determine spatial quality of circular agriculture, but the importance attached to most spatial quality aspects varies between actor types: farmers value 14 spatial quality aspects differently than other actors, while differences are smaller between other actor types. In order to better take the interests of different actor types into account, we recommend their involvement in the formulation and evaluation of area specific spatial quality goals. To this end, the spatial quality framework can provide a basis for a shared language regarding the concept ‘spatial quality’.
Original languageDutch
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Environmental Research
Number of pages57
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Publication series

NameRapport / Wageningen Environmental Research
ISSN (Print)1566-7197


  • circular agriculture
  • agri-environment schemes
  • innovations
  • biodiversity
  • technical progress

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