Roles of dynamic metal speciation and membrane permeability in metal flux through lipophilic membranes: General theory and experimental validation with nonlabile complexes

Zhang Zeshi, J. Buffle, H.P. van Leeuwen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of the role of dynamic metal speciation in lipophilic membrane permeability in aqueous solution requires accurate interpretation of experimental data. To meet this goal, a general theory is derived for describing 1:1 metal complex flux, under steady-state and ligand excess conditions, through a permeation liquid membrane (PLM). The theory is applicable to fluxes through any lipophilic membrane. From this theory, fluxes in the three rate-limiting conditions for metal transport are readily derived, corresponding, namely, to (i) diffusion in the source solution, (ii) diffusion in the membrane, and (iii) the chemical kinetics of formation/dissociation of the metal complex in the interfacial reaction layer. The theory enables discussion of the reaction layer concept in a more general frame and also provides unambiguous criteria for the definition of an inert metal complex. The theoretical flux equations for fully labile complexes were validated in a previous paper. The general theory for semi- or nonlabile complexes is validated here by studying the flux of Pb(II) through PLMs in contact with solutions of Pb(II)-NTA and Pb(II)-TMDTA at different pHs and flow rates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5216-5226
JournalLangmuir
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • supported liquid-membrane
  • selective separation
  • copper speciation
  • kinetics
  • extraction
  • lability
  • waters
  • ion
  • voltammetry
  • interfaces

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