Role of the hydrophobic phase for the unique rheologica properties of saponin adsorption layers

K. Golemanov, S. Tcholakova, N. Denkov, E.G. Pelan, S.D. Stoyanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Saponins are a diverse class of natural, plant derived surfactants, with peculiar molecular structure consisting of a hydrophobic scaffold and one or several hydrophilic oligosaccharide chains. Saponins have strong surface activity and are used as natural emulsifiers and foaming agents in food and beverage, pharmaceutical, ore processing, and other industries. Many saponins form adsorption layers at the air–water interface with extremely high surface elasticity and viscosity. The molecular origin of the observed unique interfacial visco-elasticity of saponin adsorption layers is of great interest from both scientific and application viewpoints. In the current study we demonstrate that the hydrophobic phase in contact with water has a very strong effect on the interfacial properties of saponins and that the interfacial elasticity and viscosity of the saponin adsorption layers decrease in the order: air > hexadecane » tricaprylin. The molecular mechanisms behind these trends are analyzed and discussed in the context of the general structure of the surfactant adsorption layers at various nonpolar phase–water interfaces.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7034-7044
Number of pages10
JournalSoft Matter
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • oil/water interfaces
  • aqueous foams
  • surface rheology
  • water-interface
  • quillaja bark
  • air/water
  • shear
  • drainage
  • monolayers
  • emulsions

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