Role of cucurbitacin C in resistance to spider mite (Tetranychus urticae) in cucumber (Cucumber sativus L.)

A.G. Balkema-Boomstra, S. Zijlstra, F.W.A. Verstappen, H. Inggamer, P. Mercke

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    66 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Cucurbitacins are bitter triterpenoid compounds that are toxic to most organisms and occur widely in wild and cultivated Cucurbitaceae. The only cucurbitacin identified in Cucumis sativus is cucurbitacin C. The bitter taste of cucumber has been correlated with resistance to the spider mite Tetranychus urticae, but a quantitative relationship has not been established. We determined the spider mite resistance and cucurbitacin C content in the dihaploid progeny derived from the F1 generation of a cross between a bitter, spider-mite-resistant cucumber line and a bitter-free, spider-mite-susceptible line. The ratio of the number of bitter to bitter-free dihaploids conformed to the expected 1:1 ratio, based on a monogenic segregation pattern. Genetic analysis ascribed 69% of the variance of the difference in spider mite survival rate to the bitterness locus. Within the group of bitter dihaploids, cucurbitacin C content was significantly correlated with spider mite resistance. Thus, a quantitative relationship between cucurbitacin C content and spider mite resistance could be established
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)225-235
    JournalJournal of Chemical Ecology
    Volume29
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Keywords

    • chrysomelidae
    • biosynthesis
    • coleoptera
    • synthase
    • defense
    • fitness
    • linkage

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