Risk assessment of Clostridium perfringens in Cornish pasties in the UK

E. Gkogka, M.W. Reij, L.G.M. Gorris, M.H. Zwietering*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

To assess the risk of C. perfringens toxico-infections related to the consumption of Cornish pasties in the United Kingdom, a stochastic risk assessment model was created. Exposure to the pathogen was modelled as the result of contamination of different ingredients (i.e. beef and pepper), application of different cooling scenarios at room temperature and considering pasties of a number of common sizes. The model predicted a mean of 213 cases of gastroenteritis per million people in the UK per year (95% CI: 128–317), which might explain a significant proportion of annual C. perfringens toxico-infections according to epidemiological data. Major factors influencing this estimate and possible targets for interventions were the time to consumption and the concentration of the pathogen in contaminated ingredients, the impact of which in reducing the risk was tested in different intervention scenarios. The results of the model together with a number of possible risk mitigation measures are used as a basis to discuss the potential of setting of risk-based metrics as a risk management option in the context of food safety decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106822
JournalFood Control
Volume108
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020

Fingerprint

Clostridium perfringens
risk assessment
ingredients
probabilistic risk assessment
pathogens
risk reduction
gastroenteritis
risk management
pepper
infection
United Kingdom
food safety
Food Safety
decision making
ambient temperature
Risk Management
Gastroenteritis
beef
cooling
Infection

Keywords

  • Appropriate level of protection
  • Cooling
  • Food safety objective
  • Spore-forming pathogen
  • Toxico-infection

Cite this

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title = "Risk assessment of Clostridium perfringens in Cornish pasties in the UK",
abstract = "To assess the risk of C. perfringens toxico-infections related to the consumption of Cornish pasties in the United Kingdom, a stochastic risk assessment model was created. Exposure to the pathogen was modelled as the result of contamination of different ingredients (i.e. beef and pepper), application of different cooling scenarios at room temperature and considering pasties of a number of common sizes. The model predicted a mean of 213 cases of gastroenteritis per million people in the UK per year (95{\%} CI: 128–317), which might explain a significant proportion of annual C. perfringens toxico-infections according to epidemiological data. Major factors influencing this estimate and possible targets for interventions were the time to consumption and the concentration of the pathogen in contaminated ingredients, the impact of which in reducing the risk was tested in different intervention scenarios. The results of the model together with a number of possible risk mitigation measures are used as a basis to discuss the potential of setting of risk-based metrics as a risk management option in the context of food safety decision-making.",
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Risk assessment of Clostridium perfringens in Cornish pasties in the UK. / Gkogka, E.; Reij, M.W.; Gorris, L.G.M.; Zwietering, M.H.

In: Food Control, Vol. 108, 106822, 01.02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk assessment of Clostridium perfringens in Cornish pasties in the UK

AU - Gkogka, E.

AU - Reij, M.W.

AU - Gorris, L.G.M.

AU - Zwietering, M.H.

PY - 2020/2/1

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N2 - To assess the risk of C. perfringens toxico-infections related to the consumption of Cornish pasties in the United Kingdom, a stochastic risk assessment model was created. Exposure to the pathogen was modelled as the result of contamination of different ingredients (i.e. beef and pepper), application of different cooling scenarios at room temperature and considering pasties of a number of common sizes. The model predicted a mean of 213 cases of gastroenteritis per million people in the UK per year (95% CI: 128–317), which might explain a significant proportion of annual C. perfringens toxico-infections according to epidemiological data. Major factors influencing this estimate and possible targets for interventions were the time to consumption and the concentration of the pathogen in contaminated ingredients, the impact of which in reducing the risk was tested in different intervention scenarios. The results of the model together with a number of possible risk mitigation measures are used as a basis to discuss the potential of setting of risk-based metrics as a risk management option in the context of food safety decision-making.

AB - To assess the risk of C. perfringens toxico-infections related to the consumption of Cornish pasties in the United Kingdom, a stochastic risk assessment model was created. Exposure to the pathogen was modelled as the result of contamination of different ingredients (i.e. beef and pepper), application of different cooling scenarios at room temperature and considering pasties of a number of common sizes. The model predicted a mean of 213 cases of gastroenteritis per million people in the UK per year (95% CI: 128–317), which might explain a significant proportion of annual C. perfringens toxico-infections according to epidemiological data. Major factors influencing this estimate and possible targets for interventions were the time to consumption and the concentration of the pathogen in contaminated ingredients, the impact of which in reducing the risk was tested in different intervention scenarios. The results of the model together with a number of possible risk mitigation measures are used as a basis to discuss the potential of setting of risk-based metrics as a risk management option in the context of food safety decision-making.

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