Rice

Michael Dingkuhn, Martin Kropff

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Rice joined quite late the club of high-yielding, input-responsive crops such as wheat, barley, maize, or potato. A few years after the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) was installed in the Philippines in 1960, a new, short-statured, high-tillering, relatively photoperiod-insensitive and highly N-responsive plant type with erect leaves and high harvest index (HI) emerged. The widely adopted variety IR8 revolutionized irrigated rice production in the tropics with more than 10 t ha-1 grain yield potential, thereby tripling rice yields in many Asian countries (De Datta 1981). Morphologically similar types adapted to the temperate climate followed and boosted rice production in Japan, Korea, and China and allowed the world’s highest national yields in the United States and Australia (Hill et al. 1991).

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPhotoassimilate Distribution Plants and Crops Source-Sink Relationships
    EditorsE. Zamski, A.A. Schaffer
    PublisherCRC Press
    Chapter23
    Pages519-548
    ISBN (Electronic)9780203743539
    ISBN (Print)9780824794408
    Publication statusPublished - 1996

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