Potato cell walls (PCW) are a low value by-product from the potato starch industry. Valorisation of PCW is hindered by its high water-binding capacity (WBC). The composition of polysaccharides and interactions between these entities, play important roles in regulating the WBC in the cell wall matrix. Here, we show that in vivo exo-truncation of RG-I β-(1→4)-D-galactan side-chains decreased the WBC by 6–9%. In contrast, exo-truncation of these side-chains increased the WBC by 13% in vitro. We propose that degradation of RG-I galactan side-chains altered the WBC of PCW, due to cell wall remodelling and loosening that affected the porosity. Our findings reinforce the view that RG-I galactan side-chains play a role in modulating WBC, presumably by affecting polysaccharide architecture (spacing) and interactions in the matrix. Better understanding of structure-function relationships of pectin macromolecules is needed before cell wall by-products may be tailored to render added-value in food and biobased products.
- Potato cell walls (PCW)
- Rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I)β-(1→4)-D-galactan
- Rhamnogalacturonan I, β-(1→4)-D-galactan
- Water-binding capacity (WBC)