Review of the implementation of the IMO’s 2011 Biofouling Guidelines in the Netherlands

W.J. Strietman, E. Leemans

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

Biofouling (or rather: biological fouling) on ships refers to the process where micro-organisms, plants, algae, or animals accumulate on outside areas of the ship that are (mostly) underwater. Biofouling on ships can result in the transfer of (non-native) invasive aquatic species. This risk has been addressed in the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) 2011 Guidelines for the control and management of ships’ biofouling to minimize the transfer of invasive aquatic species (MEPC.207(62)). In this report, the implementation of this guideline in the Netherlands will be reviewed, based on interviews and an online survey.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Economic Research
Number of pages29
ISBN (Electronic)9789463435963
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameWageningen Economic Research report
No.2019-013

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