Review of insect pathogen risks for the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) and guidelines for reliable production

Lotte Joosten*, Antoine Lecocq, Annette Bruun Jensen, Olga Haenen, Eric Schmitt, Jørgen Eilenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Black soldier fly [BSF; Hermetia illucens L. (Diptera: Stratiomyidae)] larvae are very effective in transforming low-grade food waste into valuable high-end proteins and fat, in intensive production facilities. The production output of this species is growing quickly, but upscaling brings risks to the health status of the reared insects. Until now, not a single major case of disease outbreak caused by a pathogen in a BSF production unit has been reported. This contrasts with data on other species of mass-produced insects, which have experienced various disease outbreaks, indicating that BSFs are comparatively resistant to insect diseases. Further, there are no records of natural infections caused by entomopathogens in BSF. In this review, the known entomopathogens of Diptera, especially BSF, and their potential risks for causing disease in these insects are summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-447
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume168
Issue number6-7
Early online date11 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • bacteria
  • biocontrol agents
  • black soldier fly
  • Diptera
  • entomopathogens
  • epidemiology
  • feed and food
  • fungi
  • guidelines
  • Hermetia illuscens
  • immune system
  • protozoa
  • Stratiomyidae
  • viruses

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