A computer code (acronym 5S) has been developed that allows estimation of the solar radiation backscattered by the Earth-surface-atmosphere system, as it is observed by a satellite sensor. Given the Lambertian ground reflectance, the apparent reflectance of the observed pixel is estimated by taking into account the effects of gaseous absorption, scattering by molecules and aerosols and, to some extent, inhomogeneity in the ground reflectance. The input parameters (observation geometry, atmosphere model, ground reflectance and spectral band) can be either selected from some proposed standard conditions (e.g. spectral bands of a satellite sensor) or user-defined. Besides the pixel apparent reflectance, the code provides the gaseous transmittance, the irradiance at the surface and the different contributions to the satellite signal according to the origin of the measured radiance. Some complementary results are also available; among others, benchmark calculations permit assessment of the code accuracy.
|Journal||Journal of Remote Sensing (China)|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|