Rethinking the role of aquatic ecology in hydroponic cultivation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Hydroponic production systems are challenged by root diseases, but can be made less susceptible to infection. While the systems are mostly unchallenged by nematodes, pathogens that can live and spread though water still cause loss of yield. Common diseases would be Phytophthora, Pythium, Fusarium and bacteria such as Erwinias and Pseudomonads. Since horticulture cannot be performed in a sterile environment on a commercial scale, insight in population dynamics of pathogens in aquatic systems as well as plants' resilience need to be understood to lower the risk of infection. This paper addresses a number of biological principles in aquatic ecology that could be used in improving system design processes as well as providing the first data on the population dynamics in chrysanthemum production on deep flow systems in The Netherlands using next generation sequencing (NGS). It was observed that free colonisation of the water leads to highly diverse bacterial populations, while inoculation with water from an established deep flow pond leads to more uniform populations in the long run. Temperature can strongly influence bacterial populations. Addition of benefical micro-organisms leads to increase plant resilience against diseases. It is yet unclear whether such reduced infection is due to direct antagonistic effect, through a plant-endophyte symbiotic relationship or through competition for nutrients (sugars) or physical space. Fungal populations could not be studied since the similarity of DNA-database was too low to draw conclusions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ICESC2015
Subtitle of host publicationHydroponics and Aquaponics at the Gold Coast
EditorsD. Duggan-Jones, M.A. Nichols
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages115-121
ISBN (Electronic)9789462611726
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2017
EventISHS symposium ICESC 2015: Hydroponics and Aquaponics at the Gold - Jupiter's Gold Coast, Australia
Duration: 5 Jul 20158 Jul 2015

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume1176
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

Conference

ConferenceISHS symposium ICESC 2015: Hydroponics and Aquaponics at the Gold
CountryAustralia
CityJupiter's Gold Coast
Period5/07/158/07/15

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Keywords

  • Crop protection
  • DNA-analysis
  • Micro-organisms
  • Resilient systems

Cite this

Vermeulen, T., Streminska, M., Beerens, N., Eveleens, B., & Blok, C. (2017). Rethinking the role of aquatic ecology in hydroponic cultivation. In D. Duggan-Jones, & M. A. Nichols (Eds.), Proceedings of the ICESC2015: Hydroponics and Aquaponics at the Gold Coast (pp. 115-121). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1176). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1176.15