Restriction enzyme analysis of RT-PCR amplicons as a rapid method for detection of genetic diversity among bovine respiratory syncytial virus isolates

V. Valentova, A.F.G. Antonis, K. Kovarcik

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    12 Citations (Scopus)


    Our current knowledge of antigenic variability of the bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is quite limited and is mainly dependent on the use of monoclonal antibodies (mAb). In this study, we present not only analysis of the antigenic, but also of the genetic variability of BRSV. Using a panel of BRSV-specific mAb we distinguished five main reactivity patterns, three of which corresponded to the previously established subgroups A, B and AB. A single viral strain yielded the fourth pattern, while four viral strains did not react with any of the used mAbs forming the fifth pattern. To investigate the genetic basis for the antigenic heterogeneity of the BRS virus G protein, DNA of 11 BRSV isolates was directly sequenced. The comparison of the obtained nucleotide or amino acid sequences to those BRSV strains present in the GenBank revealed 88.1¿99.4% and 77.7¿98.4% similarity, respectively. These results supported the previously stated suggestion to type BRSV isolates according to their genetic relationship. In order to introduce a rapid and simple method to study the genetic variability of BRSV, we utilized the restriction enzyme analysis of RT-PCR products derived from mRNAs corresponding to the most variable region of the BRSV glycoprotein G ectodomain. Using this restriction enzyme analysis we were able to identify genetic variability among BRSV isolates. The detected non-synonymous mutations led frequently to a change in digestion pattern and were predominantly located in two mucin-like regions of the G protein gene. A correlation has been found between grouping of isolates in the phylogenetic tree and their restriction patterns clustering together isolates with the same restriction profiles. However, viruses placed distant in the tree sharing the same restriction patterns were detected supposing that phylogenetic analysis should be necessary for BRSV typing. Thus, we propose to use DNA restriction polymorphism for a rapid detection of genetic variants among BRSV isolates circulating in cattle population and as a preliminary tool for their typing
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-12
    JournalVeterinary Microbiology
    Issue number1-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


    • subgroup-b
    • attachment protein
    • molecular epidemiology
    • monoclonal-antibodies
    • g-glycoprotein
    • strains
    • variability
    • sequence
    • identification
    • region


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