Responses of species to changes in climate determine climate protection targets

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

Abstract

Widespread ecological impacts of climate change are visible everywhere. Plants and animals respond rapidly to the ongoing changes. Responses significantly differ from species to species and from year to year. Traditional impact assessments focused on long-term range shifts of biomes. Studies focusing on species-specific responses depict more impacts. Over the last decade, many more ecological responses have appeared than expected from an average warming trend alone. Impacts and vulnerability are therefore likely to be underestimated. Ecosystems respond faster to changes in extreme weather than to average climate. This explains the more rapid appearance of ecological responses throughout the world. Tighter political climate protection targets are therefore urgently needed. Based on current understanding of the response of species and ecosystems, we propose that efforts be made to limit the warming to maximally 1.5oC above pre-industrial levels and limit the rate of change to less than 0.05oC per decade
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAvoiding Dangerous Climate Change
EditorsD. Tirpak, J. Aston, Z. Dadi, L.G. Meira Filho, B. Metz, M. Parry, J. Schellnhuber, K.S. Yap, R. Watson, T. Wigley
Place of PublicationExeter, UK
PublisherDEFRA & Met Office
Pages57-61
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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climate
warming
ecosystem
ecological impact
biome
vulnerability
weather
climate change
climate protection
animal
rate
trend
world
impact assessment

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Leemans, R., & van Vliet, A. J. H. (2005). Responses of species to changes in climate determine climate protection targets. In D. Tirpak, J. Aston, Z. Dadi, L. G. Meira Filho, B. Metz, M. Parry, J. Schellnhuber, K. S. Yap, R. Watson, ... T. Wigley (Eds.), Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change (pp. 57-61). Exeter, UK: DEFRA & Met Office.
Leemans, R. ; van Vliet, A.J.H. / Responses of species to changes in climate determine climate protection targets. Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change. editor / D. Tirpak ; J. Aston ; Z. Dadi ; L.G. Meira Filho ; B. Metz ; M. Parry ; J. Schellnhuber ; K.S. Yap ; R. Watson ; T. Wigley. Exeter, UK : DEFRA & Met Office, 2005. pp. 57-61
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title = "Responses of species to changes in climate determine climate protection targets",
abstract = "Widespread ecological impacts of climate change are visible everywhere. Plants and animals respond rapidly to the ongoing changes. Responses significantly differ from species to species and from year to year. Traditional impact assessments focused on long-term range shifts of biomes. Studies focusing on species-specific responses depict more impacts. Over the last decade, many more ecological responses have appeared than expected from an average warming trend alone. Impacts and vulnerability are therefore likely to be underestimated. Ecosystems respond faster to changes in extreme weather than to average climate. This explains the more rapid appearance of ecological responses throughout the world. Tighter political climate protection targets are therefore urgently needed. Based on current understanding of the response of species and ecosystems, we propose that efforts be made to limit the warming to maximally 1.5oC above pre-industrial levels and limit the rate of change to less than 0.05oC per decade",
author = "R. Leemans and {van Vliet}, A.J.H.",
year = "2005",
language = "English",
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editor = "D. Tirpak and J. Aston and Z. Dadi and {Meira Filho}, L.G. and B. Metz and M. Parry and J. Schellnhuber and K.S. Yap and R. Watson and T. Wigley",
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Leemans, R & van Vliet, AJH 2005, Responses of species to changes in climate determine climate protection targets. in D Tirpak, J Aston, Z Dadi, LG Meira Filho, B Metz, M Parry, J Schellnhuber, KS Yap, R Watson & T Wigley (eds), Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change. DEFRA & Met Office, Exeter, UK, pp. 57-61.

Responses of species to changes in climate determine climate protection targets. / Leemans, R.; van Vliet, A.J.H.

Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change. ed. / D. Tirpak; J. Aston; Z. Dadi; L.G. Meira Filho; B. Metz; M. Parry; J. Schellnhuber; K.S. Yap; R. Watson; T. Wigley. Exeter, UK : DEFRA & Met Office, 2005. p. 57-61.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

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T1 - Responses of species to changes in climate determine climate protection targets

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AU - van Vliet, A.J.H.

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AB - Widespread ecological impacts of climate change are visible everywhere. Plants and animals respond rapidly to the ongoing changes. Responses significantly differ from species to species and from year to year. Traditional impact assessments focused on long-term range shifts of biomes. Studies focusing on species-specific responses depict more impacts. Over the last decade, many more ecological responses have appeared than expected from an average warming trend alone. Impacts and vulnerability are therefore likely to be underestimated. Ecosystems respond faster to changes in extreme weather than to average climate. This explains the more rapid appearance of ecological responses throughout the world. Tighter political climate protection targets are therefore urgently needed. Based on current understanding of the response of species and ecosystems, we propose that efforts be made to limit the warming to maximally 1.5oC above pre-industrial levels and limit the rate of change to less than 0.05oC per decade

M3 - Chapter

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BT - Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change

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A2 - Aston, J.

A2 - Dadi, Z.

A2 - Meira Filho, L.G.

A2 - Metz, B.

A2 - Parry, M.

A2 - Schellnhuber, J.

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PB - DEFRA & Met Office

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Leemans R, van Vliet AJH. Responses of species to changes in climate determine climate protection targets. In Tirpak D, Aston J, Dadi Z, Meira Filho LG, Metz B, Parry M, Schellnhuber J, Yap KS, Watson R, Wigley T, editors, Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change. Exeter, UK: DEFRA & Met Office. 2005. p. 57-61