Response of the digestive system of Helicoverpa zea to ingestion of potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor and characterization of an uninhibited carboxypepidase B

A. Bayes, M. Rodrigues de la Vega, J. Vendrell, F.X. Aviles, M.A. Jongsma, M.J. Beekwilder

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Carboxypeptidase activity participates in the protein digestion process in the gut of lepidopteran insects, supplying free amino-acids to developing larvae. To study the role of different carboxypeptidases in lepidopteran protein digestion, the effect of potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor (PCI) on the digestive system of larvae of the pest insect Helicoverpa zea was investigated, and compared to that of Soybean Kunitz Trypsin Inhibitor. Analysis of carboxypeptidase activity in the guts showed that ingested PCI remained active in the gut, and completely inhibited the activity of carboxypeptidases A and O. Interestingly, carboxypeptidase B activity was not affected by PCI. All previously described enzymes from the same family, both from insect or mammalian origin, have been found to be very sensitive to PCI. Analysis of several lepidopteran species showed the presence of carboxypeptidase B activity resistant to PCI in most of them. The H. zea carboxypeptidase B enzyme (CPBHz) was purified from gut content by affinity chromatography. N-terminal sequence information was used to isolate its corresponding full-length cDNA, and recombinant expression of the zymogen of CPBHz in Pichia pastoris was achieved. The substrate specificity of recombinant CPBHz was tested using peptides. Unlike other CPB enzymes, the enzyme appeared to be highly selective for C-terminal lysine residues. Inhibition by PCI appeared to be pH-dependent.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)654-664
    JournalInsect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
    Volume36
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

    Keywords

    • plant proteinase-inhibitors
    • trypsin-inhibitor
    • spodoptera-exigua
    • noctuidae larvae
    • agrotis-ipsilon
    • cdna cloning
    • sequence
    • identification
    • expression
    • armigera

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