Response of Solanum tuberosum to Myzus persicae infestation at different stages of foliage maturity

A.E. Alvarez, A.M. Alberti D'Amato, W.F. Tjallingii, M. Dicke, B. Vosman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Young leaves of the potato Solanum tuberosum L. cultivar Kardal contain resistance factors to the green peach aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and normal probing behavior is impeded. However, M. persicae can survive and reproduce on mature and senescent leaves of the cv. Kardal plant without problems. We compared the settling of M. persicae on young and old leaves and analyzed the impact of aphids settling on the plant in terms of gene expression. Settling, as measured by aphid numbers staying on young or old leaves, showed that after 21 h significantly fewer aphids were found on the young leaves. At earlier time points there were no difference between young and old leaves, suggesting that the young leaf resistance factors are not located at the surface level but deeper in the tissue. Gene expression was measured in plants at 96 h postinfestation, which is at a late stage in the interaction and in compatible interactions this is long enough for host plant acceptance to occur. In old leaves of cv. Kardal (compatible interaction), M. persicae infestation elicited a higher number of differentially regulated genes than in young leaves. The plant response to aphid infestation included a larger number of genes induced than repressed, and the proportion of induced versus repressed genes was larger in young than in old leaves. Several genes changing expression seem to be involved in changing the metabolic state of the leaf from source to sink.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-740
JournalInsect Science
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • aphid brevicoryne-brassicae
  • russian wheat aphid
  • leaf senescence
  • hemiptera aphididae
  • gene-expression
  • plant defense
  • macrosiphum-euphorbia
  • susceptible wheat
  • arabidopsis
  • potato

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