Resources, collaborators, and neighbors: The three-pronged challenge in the implementation of bioeconomy regions

Alberto Bezama*, Carlo Ingrao, Sinéad O'Keeffe, Daniela Thrän

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the last decade, the bioeconomy has become increasingly important and visible in international policy agendas, with several strategies being recently developed. The implementation of bio-based technologies mostly takes place on a regional scale. Therefore, from a regional perspective, a key question revolves around what main challenges are associated with technological developments that could catalyze the implementation of sustainable bioeconomy regions. In this study, a cross-cutting analysis was carried out to determine these challenges. First, interviews were conducted with industry practitioners and scientists working in the bioeconomy field. These interviews were supplemented with a literature review to determine the status quo of bioeconomy strategies and their implementation, particularly on a regional level. A multidisciplinary workshop was then organized to identify the most relevant challenges in the short-and mid-term associated with establishing bioeconomy regions. The results show that there is a three-pronged challenge in innovative technological development from a regional perspective: (1) Resources: The establishment of sustainable regional feedstock strategies and supplies for supporting the bio-industrial sector; (2) collaborators: The establishment of a regional "critical mass" by fostering supply chain clusters and networks; and (3) neighbors: Understanding the local dynamics of societal trends and preferences and social acceptance of bio-technologies and their representative bio-based products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7235
JournalSustainability
Volume11
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioeconomy
  • Innovation
  • Life cycle thinking
  • Regional bioeconomy
  • Regional management
  • Systems assessment
  • Technological assessment
  • Technological development

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