We empirically investigate the role of natural resources, and governance in explaining variation in the intensity of conflict during the 1991–2002 civil war in Sierra Leone. As a proxy for governance quality we exploit exogenous variation in political competition at the level of the chieftaincy. As a proxy for resources we use data on the location of pre-war mining sites. Our main result is that neither governance nor resources robustly explains the onset or duration of violence during the civil war in Sierra Leone.
Voors, M. J., van der Windt, P. C., Papaioannou, K. I., & Bulte, E. H. (2017). Resources and Governance in Sierra Leone's Civil War. Journal of Development Studies, 53(2), 278-294. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2016.1160068