Resistance of wheat cultivars and breeding lines to septoria tritici blotch caused by isolates of Mycosphaerella graminicola in field trials

J.K.M. Brown, G.H.J. Kema, H.R. Forrer, E.C.P. Verstappen, L.S. Arraiano, P.A. Brading, E.M. Foster, A. Hecker, E. Jenny

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    54 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Isolate-specific resistance of 71 cultivars and breeding lines of wheat (Triticum aestivum) to septoria tritici blotch was evaluated in six field trials in the Netherlands, Switzerland and the UK between 1995 and 1997. Each plot was inoculated with one of six single-pycnidium isolates of the pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola. There were strong interactions between wheat lines and M. graminicola and the line-by-isolate interactions were stable over the six trials. Lines with specific resistance or specific susceptibility to each of the isolates were identified. Specific resistance to isolate IPO323 was especially common, being carried by 22 lines from 10 countries. The results confirm that line-by-isolate interactions in septoria tritici blotch of wheat are effective in adult plants in field conditions, and are not simply confined to seedlings. Wheat lines with good, quantitative resistance to all or most isolates were identified, including lines from Brazil, the USA and seven European countries. These may be useful as sources of resistance in wheat breeding.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)325-338
    JournalPlant Pathology
    Volume50
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

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