Resilience: Accounting for the Noncomputable

S.R. Carpenter, C. Folke, M. Scheffer, F. Westley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


Plans to solve complex environmental problems should always consider the role of surprise. Nevertheless, there is a tendency to emphasize known computable aspects of a problem while neglecting aspects that are unknown and failing to ask questions about them. The tendency to ignore the noncomputable can be countered by considering a wide range of perspectives, encouraging transparency with regard to conflicting viewpoints, stimulating a diversity of models, and managing for the emergence of new syntheses that reorganize fragmentary knowledge
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13
Number of pages6
JournalEcology and Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    Carpenter, S. R., Folke, C., Scheffer, M., & Westley, F. (2009). Resilience: Accounting for the Noncomputable. Ecology and Society, 14(1), 13.